Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Communication with the affected population was prioritised from the outset of the emergency response in Haiti (IFRC, 2011a). This case study primarily focuses on two-way communication and feedback processes in IFRC’s Return and Relocation Programme, which supports people displaced by the Earthquake to move out from the crowded camps and informal settlements into safe housing. We met with affected community members who have received different types of assistance after the 2010 Earthquake in Port-au-Prince, Léogâne and Jacmel.
In 2012 ALNAP and CDA started collaborating on action research looking at feedback mechanisms in humanitarian contexts, to establish what makes them work effectively and to focus on bringing different stakeholders’ perspectives – particularly those of crisis-affected people – into the conversation.
The global humanitarian network, ALNAP, is warning of the danger of sticking with rural models to deal with the growing reality of urban disasters.
Over 130 representatives from the United Nations, aid agencies, Red cross/crescent, academia and governments met in India last week to stress the importance of sharing lessons learnt from urban disasters such as the Haiti earthquake that devastated Port-au-Prince in 2010.
This quick guide for humanitarian policy makers and practitioners distils key findings and emerging lessons from a selection of available evaluations on the response to Haiti’s earthquake in January 2010 which killed 220,000 people. Much went well. Haitians themselves responded immediately with life-saving initiatives and moved to areas of relative safety and security where assistance was, or could be made, available. There was a phenomenal response from a wide range of actors in the international community. Many lives were saved and livelihoods restored. Not all, however, went well.
The earthquake that struck Haiti on 12 January 2010 was by all measurements a 'mega disaster'. Some 223,000 people were killed, 300,000 injured, and more than 2 million forced from their homes. Seventeen percent of Haiti's central government employees were killed when government buildings collapsed. The UN experienced its largest loss of life on a single day ever, when 102 staff members died.
As ever, local people responded immediately to pull their neighbours out of buildings, clear bodies and debris, and start rebuilding their lives.
Le tremblement de terre qui a frappé Haïti le 12 janvier 2010 a été, selon tous les moyens de mesure appliqués, une « méga catastrophe ». Quelque 223 000 personnes ont été tuées, 300 000 blessées, et plus de 2 millions ont dû fuir de chez elles. Dix-sept pour cent des employés du gouvernement central d'Haïti ont trouvé la mort lorsque des immeubles du gouvernement se sont effondrés. L'ONU a connu son plus grand nombre de pertes humaines lorsque sont morts, en un seul jour, 102 membres de son personnel.
By Franziska Orphal
At a launch event for the latest issue of the Humanitarian Exchange magazine 'Lessons Learned from the Haitian Earthquake Response' today, I was given a useful reflection on the humanitarian response some ten months after the January earthquake.
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 January 2010 killed more than 200,000 people, injured 300,000 and left over one million homeless.
Le tremblement de terre qui a frappé Haïti le 12 janvier 2010 a tué plus de 200.000 personnes, en a blessé 300.000 et laissé plus d'un million sans abri. Avec son épicentre à dix kilomètres seulement sous la surface et proche des centres urbains de Port-au-Prince, Leogane et Jacmel, ce tremblement de terre a été le plus puissant que le pays a connu en 200 ans.
London, 18th-19th May 2010
Following discussions at the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) Network on Development Evaluation meeting in Paris in February 2010, a suggestion was made that OECD DAC Evaluation Network, UNEG and ALNAP host a meeting to bring together the key players involved in on-going and planned evaluation efforts to avoid the risk that the international system would suffer from lack of co-ordination and too many evaluators would descend on Haiti with overlapping objectives.
The meeting was held in London and attended by representatives …