Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Petit-Goâve, le 12 Janvier 2016. A l’occasion d’un événement public, plusieurs ONGs et acteurs de développement actifs dans la région (Welthungerhilfe, Help - Hilfe Zur Selbsthilfe e.V, ASB, Helvetas, ADRA Haïti, Coopération Suisse), les services déconcentrés et la protection civile ont sensibilisé la population sur les risques naturels, particulièrement sur les tremblements de terre.
Haiti must live without humanitarian aid in the long term
Annual report: Review of 2010 - a year of disasters: the challenge of reconstruction in Pakistan and Haiti
Hamburg, 11.01.2011. The last year has been horrific for Haiti - first the devastating earthquake, then Hurricane Tomas, and then the ourtbreak of Cholera at the end of October which is now slowing down the recovery process. "At the beginning, it was just about trying to help and supply aid as quickly as possible, but what Haiti needs now is a new beginning - which Haitians also have to contribute to.
Six months after the Haiti earthquake, Welthungerhilfe is taking stock of successful work done in this region to date. "We have not only helped the victims of this catastrophe to survive, but have also created an important foundation for a new beginning in this country. Thousands of Haitians are receiving an income while helping to remove the debris left by the earthquake, and are able to feed their families. In rural regions, the construction of important infrastructure measures such as irrigation systems, cleaning of canals and improvements to road into remote regions is underway.
The earthquake in Haiti on 12 January 2010 has left the country facing huge challenges. Simply rebuilding the infrastructure is not enough: it will be necessary to make a new beginning. Even before the earthquake, the Haitian state was weak; it was ranked among the worst ten countries in terms of the food situation in the Global Hunger Index 2009.
The ruins of the presidential palace and the cathedral are striking images of the destruction brought by the earthquake to the heart of the country. Many ministries were also demolished, leading personnel were killed, documents destroyed.
Haiti faces an enormous challenge after the earthquake on 12th January. Not only does its destroyed infrastructure have to be rebuilt, but first and foremost, a stable state has to be established. The earthquake caused a disaster with such catastrophic consequences because it hit a country whose government was virtually incapable of acting even before the quake. Efforts must now be introduced simultaneously on various levels in Haiti. The country needs a comprehensive and integrated concept for a new start as soon as possible.
Bonn, 11.02.2010. Four weeks after the devastating earthquake in Haiti, Welthungerhilfe together with the victims of the disaster has begun the initial measures for giving the country a fresh start. In Petit Goâve, a town 40 km to the west of Port au Prince which suffered a particularly severe level of destruction, the initial clear-up work has started in accordance with the "cash for work" principle. About 600 men and women will be receiving the equivalent of 4 Euros a day over the next few months if they work for 7 hours a day clearing away the debris in the town.
(18.1.2010) Today, Welthungerhilfe is starting the distribution of potable water for the victims of the earthquake. Local police will provide security for the operation. The tanker lorry will be going to Saint Pierre square in the Petionville district of the city. Several hundred people who have lost their home are camping out there.
(15.01.2009) Welthungerhilfe is putting together its first aid consignments in the Dominican Republic to take them to Haiti overland. The first aid truck will be loaded with food - rice, beans, oil and salt - enough to enable 5,000 persons to survive for 3 weeks. In addition to this, supplies of blankets, cooking utensils, tarpaulins and spades plus toiletries such as soap and toilet paper are being procured.
"Many people have lost absolutely everything they owned," says Michael Kühn, regional co-ordinator for Welthungerhilfe in Haiti.