Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Since the 7.0 magnitude earthquake hit Haiti on Jan. 12, 2010, killing an estimated 222,570 people— many of them children arriving or leaving school—major challenges remain as the country slowly rebuilds.
In Haiti’s Corail Camp, the settlement home to about 10,000 internally displaced people left homeless by the 2010 earthquake, there is a young man who goes by “Zo blod”—“the bad guy”—who recently took part in an educational session meant to promote nonviolence in the camp.
“He always walked with a dagger under his shirt,” says Vanessa, 16, who started the local peace network that organizes these sessions as part of the American Friends Service Committee’s (AFSC) school and neighborhood peace program in Croix des Bouquets.
This report provides examples of the work your generous support has made possible this year. As you read it, we are confident that the progress shown will fuel your optimism and determination. Thank you for being part of our community!
It’s a small, very functional tool found in most American homes: a flashlight. When the electricity goes out, its beam is helpful, even comforting. And in communities in Haiti, flashlights can mean the difference between danger and safety.
(July 12, 2010) During the first weeks of April an AFSC assessment team in Haiti identified locations and ideas for the next phase of AFSC's humanitarian work in response to the earthquake.. The team, which included the Regional Director for Latin America, Jorge Laffitte, found that within the settlements or camps, there is a general feeling of insecurity and fear particularly with regard to the prison escapees and gang members who may be among the camp inhabitants.