Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
January 10, 2017
When a 7.0 earthquake struck Haiti in 2010, much of the country’s healthcare capacity and infrastructure was destroyed. But over the course of the past seven years, Haiti has made significant strides in rebuilding and expanding its medical capacity, thanks in part to funding from the American Red Cross.
With support from the American Red Cross, Global Communities with its partner Build Change are implementing the $18.8 million Lavi Miyo Nan Katye pa’m Nan (LAMIKA) program over 37 months. LAMIKA is an urban integrated neighborhood reconstruction and recovery program being implemented in Carrefour-Feuilles, a poor residential neighborhood in Port-au-Prince which sustained extensive damage from the 2010 earthquake.
In most parts of the world, entrepreneurs depend on access to capital for starting and growing their businesses. The same rings true in Haiti, where many families lost their businesses and way of earning income during the 2010 earthquake. In order to help people reestablish their livelihoods, the American Red Cross has invested in savings and loan associations across Carrefour-Feuilles—an area still rebuilding from the disaster.
By: Jenelle Eli
Look behind me. You'll see houses on top of houses. Keep looking and a pattern emerges. This is how a lot of people live in Port-au-Prince, Haiti.
To learn the truth about American Red Cross work in Haiti, visit our Haiti Assistance Program page.
Our statement is also available: American Red Cross Responds to Latest ProPublica and NPR Coverage.
The American Red Cross never had a final plan for its work in Haiti.
Earlier this month, when Haiti’s automated blood testing equipment stopped working, the Haitian Red Cross called on its northern neighbors to fill the gap in its nation’s blood supply. Thanks to the generosity of blood donors in the United States, Haiti received four shipments of much-needed blood to address the shortage.
Jude Focette used to earn a living as a truck driver, but that changed four years ago when he suffered a stroke and was no longer able to walk. “I could not move my hand and I could not lift my foot.” He is one of the patients receiving treatment at the Global Therapy Group clinic in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. “Since I came here, they have been working with me, they have given me this device to support my wrist, and now I can actually walk on my own.”
Ginette Antenor is the owner of Cymara’s, a beauty salon in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. “The reason why people, anyone, should choose my salon is because here you will receive good service, be welcomed,” she says.
She is one of the 75 entrepreneurs who are honing their business and marketing skills through a training and support program from the American Red Cross. These business owners learn skills such as how to define their market, how to assess their advantage over the competition, and how to reach out to new customers.
Red Cross Issues Five-Year Update on Haiti Earthquake Work
Five years after the 2010 earthquake, the American Red Cross has improved the lives of millions of Haitians by making families safer, healthier and more resilient to future disasters—all thanks to the generosity of donors.
Four years after the 2010 earthquake, the American Red Cross is helping Haiti rebuild and recover with projects that enable Haitians to be safer, healthier and more resilient thanks to the generosity of donors.
The American Red Cross and Haitian Red Cross have launched a $12.5 million program in the north part of Haiti to help as many as 190,000 people in the north part of Haiti in a coordinated multi-pronged project.
« Lorsque je ne porte pas mes orthèses, je me sens handicapée », déclare Mause-Darline Francois, en fixant ses membres inférieurs. Mause-Darline est née avec une déficience physique : elle n’a pas assez de force dans ses jambes pour supporter le poids de son corps. Ainsi, depuis son enfance, elle porte deux orthèses -un appareillage qui, dans son cas, compense une fonction déficitaire- lui permettant de marcher, et lui garantissant donc son indépendance de mouvement.
The American Red Cross proudly joins Partners In Health in celebrating the opening of their landmark health center in Haiti, the Mirebalais University Hospital.
An inauguration ceremony will take place on April 28 at the energy-efficient, state-of-the-art facility, which will provide Haitians with advanced care not found at any other public infirmary in the country. The 300-bed hospital is expected to receive up to 500 outpatients each day from the surrounding area, and its impact on community health is expected to reach throughout Haiti.
For more than two years, Mona Delva lived under tarps in Mais Gaté camp in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. After a massive earthquake struck the country on January 12, 2010, she and her family lost not one, but two homes.
“We used to be comfortable; we all had our own rooms, and we did well. Then, we lost everything,” she said.
In December 2011, Delva, 42, and her two children, ages 22 and 17, moved into a new apartment with help from the Red Cross, and she also received a cash grant to help her re-establish her small trade business.
Three years ago, Sanan Antony moved into what would come to be called camp Trazelie in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. His home was among the thousands destroyed by the 7.0 magnitude earthquake that devastated the jam-packed urban communities of the country’s capital city.
The American Red Cross has been working with Antony and other residents of Trazelie ever since to teach life-saving skills in the face of future disasters.
Donations to American Red Cross Helping Recovery in Haiti at Three-Year Anniversary of Earthquake
Three years since the Haiti earthquake, hundreds of thousands of people are living in safer homes and have improved access to water and health services thanks to the generous donations to the American Red Cross.
Monday, July 16, 2012 — Pétionville, Haiti — As earthquake recovery efforts show continued progress throughout the capital of Port-au-Prince and surrounding areas, American Red Cross activities in the Northern region of Haiti are showcasing new strides toward a broad approach to comprehensive health outreach.
American Red Cross Supporting Housing Programs in Haiti
by Tamara Braunstein
Thursday, July 12, 2012 — Pétionville, Haiti— As the Haiti earthquake recovery continues, Haitians are adapting transitional shelter into long term housing solutions that reflect their character and resiliency.
Walking through Haitian communities, it is common to find that families have begun to upgrade the shelters – nearly identical structures built in groups – often replacing the original wooden floors with a cement mixture or tile, and sometimes even adding on terraces and entryways.
Tuesday, June 19, 2012 — With concerns about a potential new outbreak of cholera in Haiti, the American Red Cross continues working on several programs to fight the disease.
The second phase of a new cholera vaccine campaign is underway. The campaign, which began in May, is organized by Partners in Health (PIH) and supported by $1 million from the American Red Cross. The first phase of this two-dose vaccination effort has been completed. Overall, the campaign seeks to help 100,000 people in rural and urban communities throughout Haiti.
by Tamara Braunstein
Tuesday, June 12, 2012 — The Red Cross rubble removal project in the Carrefour-Feuilles neighborhood in Port-au-Prince is a microcosm of the earthquake recovery and rebuilding efforts in Haiti; tearing down a severely damaged former office building presented an opportunity for an environmental project with a livelihoods impact.