Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Human Rights Council adopts Universal Periodic Review outcome on Haiti
This submission was prepared for the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) of Haiti in November 2016. In it, Amnesty International evaluates the implementation of recommendations made in its UPR in 2011, noting that while Haiti has taken some steps to address concerns raised in the previous review, more needs to be done to fully implement the recommendations and to address key human rights concerns in the country.
The abject failure to sustainably rehouse tens of thousands of people who lost everything in the devastating 2010 earthquake must be a top priority for the new Prime Minister of Haiti, Evans Paul, said Amnesty International in an open letter sent to the politician today.
More than 79,000 people are still living in makeshift camps in deplorable conditions, meanwhile violent forced evictions continue.
La nécessité de reloger durablement des dizaines de milliers de personnes ayant tout perdu dans le tremblement de terre de 2010 doit être la priorité du nouveau Premier ministre haïtien Evans Paul, écrit Amnesty International dans la lettre ouverte qu’elle lui a adressée lundi 2 février 2015.
Plus de 79 000 personnes vivent toujours dans des camps de fortune, dans des conditions déplorables, tandis que les expulsions forcées se poursuivent avec violence.
Cinq ans après le séisme dévastateur qui a frappé Haïti en 2010, des dizaines de milliers de personnes n’ont toujours pas retrouvé de logement, et beaucoup de ceux qui ont tout perdu dans cette catastrophe se sentent abandonnés face aux échecs des politiques gouvernementales, aux expulsions forcées et aux solutions à trop court terme, a déclaré Amnesty International jeudi 8 janvier 2015.
Five years after the devastating earthquake in Haiti, durable housing solutions remain out of reach for hundreds of thousands of displaced people. Although forced evictions from displacement camps decreased in 2014, forced evictions in the context of reconstruction and infrastructure development projects, for which the Haitian authorities are directly responsible, are increasing. This report calls on the Haitian authorities and on the international community to take much more decisive action to make the right to adequate housing a reality for all in Haiti.
Around twenty families who were left homeless after the January 2010 earthquake in Haiti face imminent forced eviction from their makeshift camp in the capital, Port-au-Prince. If evicted they will once again be left homeless.
Une centaine de familles ont été expulsées de force du quartier informel de Canaan dans le cadre d’une procédure d’expulsion illégale lancée en décembre dernier. Des milliers d’autres personnes risquent de subir le même sort.
Further information on UA: 327/13 Index: AMR 36/005/2014 Haiti Date: 4 February 2014
Approximately a hundred families have been forcibly evicted from an informal settlement known as Canaan in continuance of an illegal eviction process which started in December 2013. Thousands more people may be at risk of being made homeless.
AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL DÉCLARATION PUBLIQUE
Index AI : AMR 36/004/2014
17 janvier 2014
AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC STATEMENT
Index AI: AMR 36/004/2014
17 January 2014
A thorough and impartial investigation must be immediately initiated into the causes of the 11 January fire which tore through the displacement camp known as “Comité du peuple progressiste” in the Haitian capital, Port-au-Prince, Amnesty International has said.
The 12 January 2010 earthquake
• 200,000 people dead
• 2.3 million homeless
• 105,000 houses destroyed; 208,164 houses badly damaged
• 1,550,000 people internally displaced and gathered in 1,555 spontaneous camps
• 600,000 people left quake-affected areas for other parts of the country
The current internally displaced population
9 January 2014
AI Index: AMR 36/002/2014
Haiti: Failure to deal with the consequences of the 2010 devastating earthquake
Four years after the devastating earthquake which killed around 200,000 people and left some 2.3 million homeless, very little has been done to ensure the respect, protection and fulfilment of the right to adequate housing in Haiti, Amnesty International said today.
Les expulsions forcées pratiquées à Haïti aggravent la situation déjà désespérée de milliers de gens qui vivent toujours dans des camps pour personnes déplacées, plus de trois ans après le séisme dévastateur de janvier 2010, a déclaré Amnesty International à l’occasion du lancement d’un nouveau rapport, « Nulle part où aller » – Expulsions forcées dans les camps pour personnes déplacées d’Haïti.
Haiti: Forced evictions worsen the already dire lot of earthquake homeless
Forced evictions in Haiti are worsening the already desperate situation of thousands of people still living in displacement camps more than three years after the devastating earthquake of January 2010, Amnesty International said as it launched the report ‘Nowhere to go’: Forced evictions in Haiti’s camps for displaced people.
Trois ans après le tremblement de terre en Haïti, la situation du pays sur le plan du logement est tout à fait catastrophique, des centaines de milliers de personnes continuant à vivre dans des abris précaires, a déploré Amnesty International tout en exhortant les autorités et la communauté internationale à faire de cette question une priorité.
Le séisme du 12 janvier 2010 a fait plus de 200 000 morts et quelque 2,3 millions de sans abris.
On estime que plus de 350 000 personnes vivent actuellement dans 496 camps à travers le pays.
Three years on from the Haiti earthquake the housing situation in the country is nothing short of catastrophic with hundreds of thousands of people still living in fragile shelters, Amnesty International said as it urged the authorities and the international community to make housing a priority.
The 12 January 2010 earthquake left more than 200,000 people dead and some 2.3 million homeless.
It is estimated that more than 350,000 people currently live in 496 camps across the country.
UA: 172/2012 Index: AMR 36/006/2012 Haiti Date: 15 June 2012
Hundreds of Haitian families are facing forcible eviction from a refugee camp where they have been living since the January 2010 earthquake. Representatives of the landowner, and local police officers, have been threatening and harassing them.
Hundreds of families living in a camp for internally displaced people in Carrefour, in Haiti's capital Port-au-Prince, are being harassed and intimidated and are at imminent risk of forced eviction.
Haiti : Amnesty International urges the government to ensure that alleged crimes committed under the rule of Jean-Claude Duvalier are investigated and those responsible brought to justice in accordance with international standards of fairness
Human Rights Council adopts Universal Periodic Review outcome on Haiti