Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
This panel of experts discussed how their field research on humanitarian issues laid the foundation for a new way to measure resilience and aid effectiveness in Haiti after the January 2010 earthquake.
Ky Luu, Executive Director, Disaster Resilience Leadership Academy, Tulane University
Jean Poincy, Vice Rector, State University of Haiti
Corporate engagement in natural disaster response has grown significantly in both scale and diversity during the last decade. Today, it is a central component of the international response machinery. Since the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, large multinational corporations have become increasingly involved in on-the-ground response efforts, forming partnerships with traditional actors and with each other to enhance operating systems and to develop more rigorous strategic thinking in preparation for disaster assistance.
In the 30 seconds that it took for a 7.0 earthquake to level Port-au-Prince, Haiti captured the world’s attention. With death toll estimates at more than 200,000 persons, and injured men, women, and children reaching double that number, Haiti would lose 5 percent of its population. The graphic satellite images flashing across television screens of rescues and death conveyed the desperation of a nation. The images also revealed the vast scale of the recovery needed in the days and months ahead.
A Neighbor's Journey
By Johanna Mendelson Forman, Stacey White NOV 16, 2011
By Johanna Mendelson Forman Sep 2, 2011
After 100 days in office, the government of President Michel Martelly should be better organized to accomplish key tasks. Yet with no sign of a rapprochement with Haiti’s legislative branch, the president and his small staff remain unable to govern a nation that has been dealt the unkindest of fates—a catastrophic earthquake, hurricanes, and a cholera epidemic that continues to bring more tragedy to the lives of ordinary Haitians.
By Johanna Mendelson Forman, Hardin Lang, Ashley E. Chandler Jun 14, 2011
By Johanna Mendelson Forman
MAR 22, 2011
On Sunday, March 21, Haitians turned out in significant numbers to vote in runoff elections for president, as well as several legislators. Initial exit polls suggest that Michel Martelly, a popular entertainer turned politician, leads Mirlande Manigat, a former first lady and academic. While official results will not be available until March 31, the second round appeared to go smoothly.