Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
JANUARY 12, 2012—Two years after the catastrophic earthquake of 2010 shook the heart of Haiti, the Christian Reformed World Relief Committee (www.crwrc.org) is working consistently to help those who were hardest hit recover. Last month, CRWRC completed construction on the 2,500th home built in Leogane, near the epicenter of the quake, providing shelter and security to another, still homeless family.
“The Christian Reformed World Relief Committee (CRWRC)’s response to the devastating earthquake of January 12, 2010 has impacted many more lives and garnered much more resources than anyone on CRWRC’s International Disaster Response team could have anticipated,” said Ken Little, CRWRC Senior Project Manager for International Disaster Response, on the eve of the two year anniversary of this tragic event. “The response has been broad and complex, but has always been seen through the lens of the families and communities whose lives were torn apart.
“I do not know what language to use to CRWRC thank for this gift. It is God who sent them to me. Thank you! Thank you! Thank you!”
Sixty-two year-old Theodore Laurore and his family were overjoyed when they received their new, wood-framed, earthquake and hurricane-resistant home last week. This was the 2,000th such home built by the Christian Reformed World Relief Committee (CRWRC) following the devastating earthquake on January 12, 2010.
Driving through Léogâne one can see them everywhere - solid wooden homes with tin roofs branded with the now very familiar cross and heart symbol of CRWRC's logo. Just over one year later, CRWRC has reached its initial target of providing 1,200 homes for survivors of the 12 January 2010 earthquake that killed more than 220,000 and displaced 1.5 million.
Mr. Henri-Paul Normandin, Canada's ambassador to Haiti, and Mr. Dominique Rossetti, Head of Aid for the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) in Haiti spent a good part of the day Wednesday, touring various project worksites in the area of Léogâne.
On January 12, 2010 a 7.0 earthquake rocked the country of Haiti. The 35-second quake killed over 230,000 people and displaced 1.5 million more. Virtually the entire country came to a halt as schools, churches, hospitals, government buildings, homes, and entire neighborhoods crumbled to the ground.
The international community responded quickly and generously to the needs of quake survivors, the Christian Reformed Church of North America included.
Road To Recovery
Six months after a disastrous earthquake struck Haiti, CRWRC remains hard at work responding to the many needs that this disaster caused.
"The scale of the disaster is enormous and its impact on the people of Haiti is difficult to comprehend from afar, but Haitians are incredibly resilient and somehow life goes on," said Wayne deJong, CRWRC's Director of International Disaster Response. "Wherever you look you see that people are striving to rebuild their lives and their country; you hear the sounds of people talking, negotiating, laughing and …
MAY 19, 2010-This week the Christian Reformed World Relief Committee (www.crwrc.org) topped the $10 million mark in giving for Haiti earthquake response efforts. The fund's total surpasses amounts donated to the organization for either the 2004 Asia Tsunami or Hurricane Katrina in 2005.
CRWRC, which has had a presence in Haiti for 20 years, began emergency aid in the first few days after the January 12 catastrophe trapped and killed thousands, and left two million people homeless.
Since the disaster occurred …
The Christian Reformed World Relief Committee (CRWRC) has begun construction on 1500 transitional shelters for Haiti earthquake survivors. Work will soon begin on additional permanent homes to replace those severely damaged or destroyed by the disaster.
"The transitional shelters are earthquake and hurricane resistant and will provide safe housing for the next months and years," said Ken Little, CRWRC Senior Relief Project Manager. "The permanent homes will be similar to the core homes built by CRWRC following the South Asian tsunami of 2004.
Through its affiliation with the Canadian Foodgrains Bank, the Christian Reformed World Relief Committee will soon be distributing a two month supply of emergency food to 1,200 families in the Massan area of Haiti, a community on the outskirts of Leogane, close to the epicenter of the January 12 earthquake.
CRWRC staff and volunteers in Haiti assessed the needs in various parts of Haiti and decided to focus their initial attentions on 6 villages in the Leogane area, of which Massan is one.
Groups of doctors, nurses, and other medical personnel are finally providing aid to earthquake survivors thanks to CRWRC's local connections.
"The past days we have been busy helping teams of medical workers from Medical Teams International, an organization that collaborates with CRWRC, set up in Haiti," reported CRWRC-Haiti staffmember Ad deBlaeij. "The first group of doctors, nurses and other personnel arrived on Saturday.
JANUARY 21, 2010-The Christian Reformed World Relief Committee (CRWRC) will focus its current emergency relief efforts in Haiti on the town of Leogane, about 20 miles west of Port au Prince, in coordination with other international non-government and Christian organizations responding to the January 12 earthquake and ongoing tremors.
"Ninty percent of Leogane's residents have lost their homes," said CRWRC's Disaster Response Director, Jacob Kramer, of the town of about 175,000 people.
January 18, 2010 - Due to the devastated infrastructure throughout Haiti, the Christian Reformed World Relief Committee (CRWRC) is setting up a logistics center in the Dominican Republic as a base for procuring and distributing aid.
"Haiti doesn't have large reserves of food and other supplies at the best of times so the existing supplies are expected to be exhausted very soon after which all supplies will have to come in from abroad," said CRWRC's Disaster Response Director, Jacob Kramer.
Today Ken Little, disaster response manager for the Christian Reformed World Relief Committee (CRWRC), arrived in Port au Prince, joining CRWRC Country Consultant Ad deBlaeij in the work of coordinating CRWRC's response in Haiti. International relief managers from CRWRC arrive early next week.
In the coming weeks CRWRC will provide thousands of quake survivors with access to clean drinking water, medical services, shelter, and basic necessities to meet immediate needs.
"The damage is severe, and people are shocked and hungry," Little said today.
January 14, 2010 -- As survivors clear rubble, search for loved ones, and mourn the losses that have occurred since Tuesday's massive earthquake in Haiti, Christian Reformed World Relief Committee staff are providing support and preparing plans for long-term aid.
"The earthquake that hit the capital city, where both CRWRC and Christian Reformed World Missions personnel are stationed, was severe," CRWRC Director, Ida Kaastra Mutoigo reported this morning.