Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
On January 12, 2010, a 7.0 magnitude earthquake devastated the Haitian capital city of Port-au-Prince, leveling buildings and overwhelming the health systems in place. Five years later, on January 29, health leaders from civil society and local organizations met with Haitian government officials and congressional staff for a day of information-sharing and reflection on the gains in health infrastructure made since the earthquake.
Submitted by Chris Sheach on Tue, 08/21/2012 - 7:34pm
InterAction is pleased to announce that FedEx has awarded them additional funding to continue work on Haiti Aid Map through July 2012. The map, an online interactive tool that charts where nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) are working in Haiti along with their activities, was officially launched in January 2011 with FedEx support.
In 1986, InterAction member Food For The Poor was first licensed to work in Haiti. Over the last 25 years, they have built more than 15,000 homes and invested in self-sufficiency projects to help Haitians bring themselves out of extreme poverty.
They have invested in fishing villages and aquaculture projects, providing residents with new food sources and entire communities with a gainful source of income.
COCONUT CREEK, Fla. (May 11, 2011) – When representatives of the Florida Marlins and Waste Management walked into Inspiration Village in Malfety, Haiti, last week, the residents greeted them with marching bands, dancers and words of deep gratitude. Hundreds of men, women, and children gathered in front of the community center to thank the team that raised funds and awareness to build much-needed housing.
InterAction member Physicians for Peace, which has a history of collaborative partnerships in Haiti, has just gotten a boost from the Major League Baseball Players Trust, a charitable foundation of the Major League Baseball Association.
The organization has awarded Physicians for Peace $50,000 to help Haitian support for amputees and provide distance-learning opportunities for their technicians. The grant will also promote information-sharing and best practices across both Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
The January 12 earthquake brought the educational system in Haiti to a screeching halt, affecting around 2.5 million children. According to the Post Disaster Needs Assessment conducted by the Government of Haiti (GoH), sector damages and losses amounted to over $ 477 million and will require over $ 600 million for fully reconstructing. Rubble clearance has posed the greatest challenge in the effort to reconstruct schools.
In Haiti, the leading cause for infant mortality and illness in children is contaminated water. Germs for hepatitis, cholera and chronic diarrhea are carried through water used for cooking and drinking. Additionally the absence of a sewage sanitation system has contaminated nearly every water source with human waste, further exacerbated by natural calamities such as hurricanes and the recent earthquake.
Lack of access to and inadequate health services combined with sub-standard sanitation systems place Haiti at the bottom in terms of health in the western hemisphere. With approximately 40 doctors per 100,000 Haitians, approximately twenty-five percent of births are attended by a skilled professional. The situation only deteriorated on January 12 and was further affected by the cholera epidemic which has claimed thousands of lives.
The 7.0 magnitude trembler on the afternoon of January 12 forced around 2.3 million Haitians to leave their homes and give rise to hundreds of spontaneous settlements around the country. In addition to the buildings and homes destroyed was government, economic and transport infrastructure. Over 70 km of the transport network endured damages, hindering effective clearance of rubble and delivery of vital relief and reconstruction commodities. According to the Shelter Cluster, the total quantity of rubble is 20 million cubic meters - equivalent of eight Great Pyramids.
When a natural disaster strikes, such as last January's earthquake in Haiti, an immediate challenge is how best to coordinate humanitarian efforts. Who is working where? Where are the service gaps?
On January 10, 2011, InterAction and 38 of its members released a joint press statement emphasizing the continued dedication of NGOs to Haiti's recovery.
The Pan American Health Organization has released an interactive map of cholera cases in Haiti. As of November 15, Haitian officials estimated 18,382 cases of cholera and 1,110 deaths.
InterAction has layered data from Ministere de la Sante Publique et de la Population (MSPP) with our member's water and sanitation projects in Haiti to produce an interactive map that demonstrates our member response efforts to the crisis.
InterAction members are working hard to help contain the cholera outbreak in Haiti, which is still reeling from the January earthquake. Several of our members were interviewed by CNN about conditions on the ground.
The International Rescue Committee's director of humanitarian affairs, Gerald Martone, told CNN much of the group's health staff is returning to Haiti to help deal with the cholera outbreak.
New Tool to Bring Transparency and Accountability to Recovery Efforts
WASHINGTON, D.C. (July 15, 2010)-Agencies and donors participating in the ongoing recovery and rehabilitation efforts in Haiti are in need of current information about where assistance is needed and which areas of response are already being addressed. The U.S.
Building back better in Haiti necessitates the U.S. NGO community's continual, accountable engagement in the earthquake stricken country. As part of this effort, InterAction and its members are committed to providing the American public with transparent accounting of how all donations are being used in recovery efforts.
On January 12, 2010, a massive earthquake struck Haiti causing the largest urban disaster in a developing country in decades. The American people responded with a generous outpouring of donations and a desire to help the Haitian people. InterAction, as the largest coalition of U.S.-based international nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), continues to work with its members as they respond to the disaster and engage in the ongoing relief and reconstruction efforts.
Joint Paper of NGO Platforms:
Over two months have passed since the powerful earthquake devastated the small Caribbean nation of Haiti.
Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) working in Haiti during the past thirty years have addressed a broad list of critical needs, including healthcare, education, sanitation, micro-loans and agricultural assistance at the community, city or local and regional levels.