Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
What GAO Found
As of September 30, 2014, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) had allocated $1.7 billion to the Haiti reconstruction effort, directing more than half of this funding to the health and food security sectors. USAID had obligated two-thirds and disbursed more than half of all allocated funding.
The L.I.F.E. Concept was born out of CJOS COE‟s participation to the U.S. Navy relief efforts following the earthquake in Haiti reinforced with experience in humanitarian operations in Somalia and Sudan. This operation clearly underlined the pressing requirement for better mechanisms and processes to improve the coordination between the military and humanitarian entities working together to assist victims of natural or industrial disasters during Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) operations.
OFFICE OF THE HAITI SPECIAL COORDINATOR
June 28, 2012
- Executive Summary
On 12 January 2010, the deadliest natural disaster in modern history occurred in Port-au-Prince, Haiti: a 7.0 magnitude earthquake affected over 2 million people, displacing 1.6 million, injuring 300,000 and killing 230,000. Many reasons have been identified as to why the earthquake caused such extensive damage. First and foremost, the Government of Haiti (GOH) lacked the capacity and resources to mount a swift and effective response after the event – a consequence of being one of the poorest countries in the world.
Why GAO Did This Study
Senate Committee on Foreign Relations:
U.S. Senate Subcommittees
International Development and Foreign Assistance, Economic Affairs and International
Western Hemisphere, Peace Corps and Global Narcotics Affairs
“Rebuilding Haiti in the Martelly Era”
Thursday, June 23, 2011
Before The Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Subcommittee on International Development and Foreign Assistance and Subcommittee on Western Hemisphere
June 23, 2011
Mr. Chairman, and members of the Subcommittees,
By Cheryl Pellerin
American Forces Press Service
WASHINGTON, Jan. 25, 2011 - A system is in the works that will strengthen the ability of military services to contribute to civilian-led disaster response in the Western Hemisphere, a Defense Department official said here yesterday.
Paul Stockton, assistant secretary of defense for homeland defense and Americas security affairs, spoke at the Inter-American Dialogue, a policy forum on Western Hemisphere affairs.
Stockton was joined by Frank O.
By Mark Trainer
Washington - In the year since a powerful earthquake struck Haiti, an unprecedented international effort has mobilized to bring relief to the country while confronting obstacles both pre-existing the quake and directly caused by it.
When the 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck Haiti just before 5 p.m.
By Merle David Kellerhals Jr.
Washington - The United States "wholeheartedly endorses" a plan to create crisis cells that would be on standby to respond to natural disasters across the Western Hemisphere, such as Haiti's earthquake in January, to minimize the loss of life and property, Defense Secretary Robert Gates says.
Gates told defense ministers from about 30 nations at the Ninth Biennial Conference of Defense Ministers of the Americas (CDMA) that this proposal is the product of extensive consultation and deliberation.
The conference brings …
By Stephen Kaufman
Washington - The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) has 20 members of a disaster assistance response team (DART) on the ground in Haiti to help prepare the country for the tropical storm Tomas, which is moving toward the country and could regain hurricane-level strength after devastating Saint Lucia, south of the island of Hispaniola.
State Department Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs Philip J.
OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL
AUDIT REPORT NO. 1-521-10-009-P SEPTEMBER 24, 2010
SAN SALVADOR, EL SALVADOR
SUMMARY OF RESULTS
On January 12, 2010, a major earthquake struck Haiti, killing hundreds of thousands of people and leaving large parts of Port-au-Prince and the surrounding areas in ruins. Much of Port-au-Prince's infrastructure collapsed during the earthquake and subsequent aftershocks, leaving many households in the affected region without access to basic services such as electricity, water, and sanitation.
Washington - Seven months after a magnitude 7.0 earthquake severely damaged Haiti's capital city, Port-au-Prince, and the surrounding area, the need to rebuild the island nation continues.
The U.S. military, which provided rapid support in the earthquake's immediate aftermath, is now supporting the reconstruction process through medical and engineering projects in a military exercise called "New Horizons." Units from the Louisiana Army National Guard are providing humanitarian services to Haitians in an exercise that aims to continue U.S.
A REPORT TO THE MEMBERS OF THE COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS UNITED STATES SENATE
ONE HUNDRED ELEVENTH CONGRESS
JUNE 22, 2010
LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL
UNITED STATES SENATE,
COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS,
By Lisa Daniel
American Forces Press Service
WASHINGTON, June 1, 2010 - The U.S. military today officially ended its earthquake disaster response in Haiti today, leaving what is left of assistance with humanitarian and construction projects on the island to two annual military exercises in the region.
U.S. Southern Command, which oversaw the massive relief effort, officially stood down the effort in Haiti's capital of Port-Au-Prince. "I am proud of Joint Task Force Haiti's accomplishments and the men and women who filled its ranks," Army Lt. Gen.
to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee
"After the Earthquake: Empowering Haiti to Rebuild Better"
Mr. Chairman, I want to thank you and the ranking member and the Committee as a whole for continuing bi-partisan support for a long-term commitment by the United States to Haiti's recovery, sustainable rebuilding and "re-founding".
Senate Foreign Relations Committee hearing on Haiti "After the Earthquake: Empowering Haiti to Rebuild Better"
May 19, 2010
In the wake of the January 12 quake that killed more than 200,000 people and left over 1 million homeless, an avalanche of humanitarian aid poured into the Haiti to save lives and reduce human suffering.
NAVY AND CIVILIAN MEDICAL TEAMS WORK TOGETHER TO PROVIDE HOPE ON COMFORT
The Navy broke all records in getting its hospital ship, USNS Comfort underway to support U.S. Southern Command's relief efforts in Haiti following the devastating 7.0 earthquake in the country that left more than 230,000 dead.
WASHINGTON, March 24, 2010 - Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack announced today that USDA's Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) is seeking proposals to provide assistance to Haiti and Afghanistan through the McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child Nutrition (McGovern-Dole) Program from nonprofit charitable organizations, cooperatives, the United Nations World Food Program and other international organizations. Up to $20 million is available this fiscal year.
"The United States is committed to long-term relief and recovery efforts in Haiti in the aftermath of …
United States Government Accountability Office
Report to Congressional Committees
GLOBAL FOOD SECURITY
Highlights of GAO-10-352, a report to congressional committees
What GAO Found
The U.S. government supports a wide variety of programs and activities for global food security, but lacks readily available comprehensive data on funding. In response to GAO's data collection instrument to 10 agencies, 7 agencies reported funding for global food security in fiscal year 2008 (see figure below) based on the working definition GAO developed for this purpose with agency input.