Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
The Director’s Letter
Col. Joseph Martin, USAF
Just over a year ago a devastating earthquake struck the country of Nepal, with major aftershocks in the ensuing weeks. The international community responded across a wide range of capabilities and in many cases remains engaged today in recovery and reconstruction. This edition of the Liaison Journal is specifically set aside to capture a range of lessons learned, with each providing the unique perspective of the supporting organization and author.
The death toll due to rains and flooding caused by Hurricane Tomas reached up to 20, according to Haiti's government and media reports as of Monday (November 8). No new official numbers of casualties have been reported as of Tuesday (November 9). (Tomas brushed past Haiti on Friday (November 5), but largely spared the earthquake-ravaged country from a direct hit and severe damages. Some coastal towns were flooded, and some 10,000 people were voluntarily evacuated from their homes.
As of Monday (November 8), the death toll due to rains and flooding caused by Hurricane Tomas reached up to 20, according to Haiti's government and media reports. Tomas brushed past Haiti on Friday (November 5), but largely spared the earthquake-ravaged country from a direct hit and severe damages. Some coastal towns were flooded, and some 10,000 people were voluntarily evacuated from their homes. Despite bringing rains, the storm also largely spared crowded displaced camps in the Haitian capital, Port-au- Prince.
Friday November 5, 2010
On Friday (November 5), Tropical Storm Tomas re-intensified to a Category 1 hurricane, soaking Haiti's vulnerable displaced survivors of the January 12 earthquake as it headed between Haiti and Cuba.