Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
As part of the three year follow up activities of the massive 2010 Haiti Earthquake, on 1st March 2014, AMDA Haiti conducted the third dental mission at the Salvation Army Hospital in Fond-des-Negres, Haiti, in collaboration with the Salvation Army.
After arriving in Dominican Republic, AMDA's President, Dr. Suganami, visited Jimani at the Dom.Rep-Haiti border to discuss further initiatives with UN and the local health ministry.
Considering that a considerable amount of assistance has begun reaching St.
Current Situation in St. Nicolas Hospital, St.Marc, Haiti
St. Nicolas Hospital in St. Marc, Haiti, where AMDA team is currently working at, is running out of space and facing severe lack of surgeons and facilities. In the mean time, there was another request was made to AMDA to take care of a regional hospital in Gonaives. There is a Cuban community in the region, hence the surgeons (orthopedic surgeons) from Spanish speaking countries are said to be in demand.
AMDA's relief team (comprised of one doctor, one nurse and one coordinator) has arrived in St. Marc, approximately 60 km north of Port-au-Prince, the devastated capital of Haiti. The team is in collaboration with a Canadian NGO, "CECI"(Center for International Studies and Cooperation) that has their activity base in St. Marc.
AMDA's medical personnel are on full schedule to treat the patients at the local Saint Nicolas Hospital. The hospital is inundated with excessive number of patient and surgical operations cannot simply catch up with them.
As the entry to Haiti has been halted, AMDA's relief team has arrived in Santo Domingo, the capital of the neighboring Dominican Republic. AMDA is going to use Santo Domingo as a satellite base and will send a team of medical personnel to St. Marc in Haiti, the north of Port-au-Prince. St. Marc is not affected by the earthquake and as of now, the evacuees from Port-au-Prince are moving to evacuation camps and shelters in St. Marc. The team will leave Santo Domingo on Monday, Jan. 18th and is planning to conduct medical relief activities in St.
In response to the devastating earthquake that hit Haiti on Jan. 12th, AMDA is dispatching relief personnel to Porto-Au-Prince, the capital. The extent of the damage is appalling and the death toll may reach historc heights, a news source said. According to UNOCHA, the basic infrastructure is not yet recovered and roads are blocked off.
One doctor and two coordinators from AMDA Headquarters in Japan will leave for Haiti on Jan. 15th via Miami and expected to reach Porto-Au-Prince on Jan. 16th.