Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Disasters, climate change impacts and conflicts affect millions of people every year. They destroy livelihoods and cause huge and often irreversible damage to the economic, social and cultural fabric of communities and nations. The severity of disaster impact is closely associated with inequality, conflict, environmental degradation, badly planned and managed urban development and weak governance. It is often the poor who are forced to stay in marginalised, unstable and disaster prone areas.
20 year old Joassaint Nelson is from Philippeaux, an area in which thousands of earthquake survivors have been living in tents since the earthquake of January 2010.
Even before the earthquake, unemployment in Haiti was estimated at a staggering 50%, just one of a host of socio-economic problems facing the country. But when disaster struck two years ago, it destroyed thousands of small businesses and left many so traumatised they were unable to return to work even where jobs were available.
11 January 2013
Three years on from the devastating 2010 earthquake, Haiti is facing another crisis – catastrophic food shortages caused by the destruction of Hurricane Sandy.
The October storm decimated Haiti’s agriculture, which accounts for over a quarter of the country’s GDP. The government said 70 per cent of crops in the south of the country were wiped out, while farmers that ActionAid work with have reported crop losses of up to 90 per cent in their fields.
Two years on from the devastating earthquake which killed over 220,000 people and left a further 1.5 million homeless, huge challenges remain, not least the issue of how to rehome the 600,000 or so people who are still living in tents throughout Port-au-Prince and surrounding areas.
Marking two years since Haiti’s devastating earthquake which killed around 220,000 and left 1.5 million people homeless, 7,500 people will next week march through the centre of Port au Prince to demand access to land and adequate housing.
The Je nan Je (Eye to Eye) movement (made up of Haitian grass-roots organizations and funded by co-member ActionAid Haiti), will march to parliament on 11 January to press MPs and the government to reform land laws and enable land to be freed up to build homes for the 600,000 people still homeless.
Using DEC funds our member agencies have provided assistance to over 1.8million earthquake survivors in Haiti.
Since the January 2010 earthquake, the Haitian people have been suffering the political and humanitarian consequences of a catastrophe that shattered an already fragile state. Whilst the earthquake centred on the capital Port-au-Prince it devastated the whole economy and its fall out continues to be felt across the country in failing services, the cholera epidemic and growing civil unrest.
There have been some positive developments, but the provision of safe and secure homes in particular appears to have stalled.
Kigali-Rwanda (10 Jan 2011) Actionaid has today warned that Haiti's reconstruction could cost an additional $50million in emergency replacement tents, unless the Haitian government and international donors - the US, Canada, France, Spain and the EU - address the land problem that has critically hampered the nation's re-construction agenda.
A year after the earthquake, Haiti has faced a cholera epidemic, elections and riots.
On January 12th 2010 Haiti was struck by an earthquake of 7.3 on the Richter scale, its most powerful earthquake for 200 years.
El director de ActionAid en Haití, Jean Claude Fignolé, asegura que "la situación sanitaria y la provisión de agua en los campos de refugiados es muy precaria", por lo que la Organización ha comenzado a distribuir entre la población pastillas potabilizadoras, cloro en polvo y suero para que puedan tener acceso a agua segura. La epidemia ya ha dejado 253 personas fallecidas y 3.115 hospitalizadas en los departamentos del centro del país y de Artibonite.
2010 has already proved to be a year of massive disasters - with hundreds of thousands killed in the Haiti earthquake and millions displaced by unprecedented flooding in Pakistan. These events demonstrate the massive destructive power of disasters, and highlight once again the need for continued commitment to and investment in, disaster risk reduction (DRR) measures.
ActionAid's disaster preparedness and DRR initiatives are supporting communities in over 15 countries across Africa, Asia and the Americas to prepare for, mitigate and overcome the impacts of disasters.
Six months after Haiti's devastating earthquake, with 1.5 million people living in tents and the hurricane season underway, ActionAid have found that the country's reconstruction plans are flawed and needed an urgent rethink.
The rebuilding, overseen by a special commission led by US President Bill Clinton and Haitian Prime Minister Jean-Max Bellerive, reflects the wishes of donor countries - mainly the US and the EU - rather than the needs of Haitians themselves, ActionAid said.
Jean-Claude Fignolé, ActionAid Haiti Country Director, said: "The Haitian people must be …
A compilation of recommendation documents from several Haitian civil society and diaspora conferences, organizations and coalitions.
This compilation was prepared by a Washington, D.C. based ad-hoc Haiti advocacy coalition (contributing members listed inside). Views expressed in the documents included are not endorsed by and do not necessarily reflect the positions of the coalition that prepared this document.
The following documents have been developed by Haitian civil society and diaspora conferences, organizations and coalitions in response to the January 12, 2010 earthquake.
10 February 2010: A month after the earthquake in Haiti (12 February), ActionAid has set up a regular feeding programme for more than 15,000 people and will reach another 12,000 in the coming days.
ActionAid has been able to roll out the food distributions with its partner COZPAM in six camps in the Mariani area of Port-au-Prince - one of the poorest areas of the city - despite the huge logistical challenges
The food distributions are taking place every two weeks and each family gets enough nutritious food to last until the next delivery.
Several women have reported cases of rape or sexual abuse to our staff.
Thursday 21 January 2010: The international community must act to ensure the safety of women and girls following the earthquake in Haiti, ActionAid said today.
With an estimated 1.5 million people homeless, ActionAid is concerned that women are particularly vulnerable to abuse
In one of the camps ActionAid is working in, several women have reported cases of rape or sexual abuse to our staff.
Natural disasters can result in vulnerable women being forced to exchange sex for food to feed their families as …
ActionAid will be distributing over 200 tonnes of food to 9,000 people in Haiti today (Thursday Jan 21).
Starting in the Mariani district of Port-au-Prince, flour, corn, rice, sugar, tinned fish and jerry cans will be distributed to people in areas where ActionAid operated child sponsorship programmes before the earthquake.
"We are really pleased to have been able to procure food from a local supplier in Haiti," says Jean Claude Fignole, ActionAid country director for Haiti.
"We will be supplementing this delivery with a household kit including cooking utensils, …
For more information call:
The ActionAid press office in London on +44 207 561 7614.
Anjali Kwatra +44 7941 371 357
Sean Kenny +44 7872 378251
Images and stories from ActionAid in Haiti available for download from this link: http://storyhub.actionaid.org/?c=20168&k=18f5c9b499
International aid agency ActionAid has started distributing emergency food and medicines in Port-au-Prince, Haiti.
The organisation has sourced …
The situation is still chaotic, with transport and communications links so badly damaged that delivering aid is a serious challenge - but ActionAid staff are working round the clock to get help to those who need it most.
As the operation gears up, staff in Haiti have been joined by emergency specialists from the UK, Brazil and Guatemala.
They'll bring much needed assistance to a team who have had to dig their own families out of the rubble of Port-au-Prince, who have been sleeping on the streets because their homes have been destroyed and are organising ActionAid's relief …
ActionAid has been inundated with calls and emails from child sponsors desperately worried about the welfare of the children they sponsor.
Over 3,600 children are currently sponsored in Haiti through ActionAid. Many sponsors are extremely concerned about the whereabouts and well-being of children and their families.
ActionAid is currently in communication with its team in Haiti who are organising the first stages of an emergency response to the disaster.
Emergency specialists are on their way to Haiti to deliver food, shelter, blankets, soap and other items.
The situation is so chaotic and transport links so badly damaged that delivering aid is a serious challenge - but ActionAid staff are working round the clock to get help to those who need it most.
As the operation gets into gear, our staff in Haiti were joined this evening by three specialists from the UK, Brazil and Guatemala.
They'll bring much needed assistance to a team who have had to dig their own families out of the rubble of Port-au-Prince, who have been sleeping on the streets because their homes have been destroyed and are organising ActionAid's relief effort at the …