Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Five years after the devastating Haiti earthquake killed more than 220,000 people, close to 1.4 million out of the 1.5 million displaced are no longer living in makeshift camps.
However far too many Haitians continue to live with in the aftermath of the unprecedented disaster. Last September more than 85,000 people were still living in 123 camps, many facing the risk of eviction.
Tragically Haiti remains one of the most unequal countries in the world with the richest one percent owning the same wealth as 45 percent of the poorest population.
This year the DEC has launched an extremely important appeal for Syria, and continued its work in three major responses: East Africa, Pakistan and Haiti, each of which was amongst our very largest appeals.
In East Africa, where a lethal combination of drought, conflict and environmental failure caused the first famine of the 21st century, DEC funded work has reached over 2.3m people. The huge humanitarian effort in the region has been broadly successful but the crisis has highlighted serious issues with the world’s ability to respond to very clear early warnings of disaster.
This report assesses the protection work of member agencies and how they dealt with accountability issues during the earthquake response. It was produced by lead authors Eric James and Julie R. Dargis who are independent consultants and was based on research carried out in and around Port au Prince in Haiti in January 2013. The study reached five main conclusions:
NGO staff were aware of the issues and sought practical approaches to providing protection and ensuring accountability.
Surrounded by shattered buildings and a massive concrete wall pock-marked by shell holes and small bullet craters, I met Malaika Issack. What could drive anyone to seek shelter in a city like Mogadishu, scarred by twenty years of war?
Using DEC funds our member agencies have provided assistance to over 1.8million earthquake survivors in Haiti.
DEC launches new website and publishes annual report
The DEC has today launched a new website that will help donors see how their money is being spent and encourage more giving.
The site has been built by SiftGroups and incorporates more rich media content such as video, slideshows and interactive maps. It also includes greater social media integration and the opportunity for visitors to discuss and comment on the DEC’s work.
DEC shares urban disaster lessons from Haiti
An independent report commissioned by the Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) has warned that the world should expect three to five big urban disasters in the next 10 years.
Urban Disasters - Lessons from Haiti said more preparation for these disasters was needed now and also highlighted practical lessons that should guide future urban disaster responses.
It said it was particularly important to work closely with local traders, businesses, communities and government following such disasters.
Nearly six months after 12 January's devastating earthquake in Haiti the Disasters Emergency Committee has announced that it has raised £101m and that this money has so far funded emergency assistance to 1.2m people.
DEC Member Agencies have played a major role in meeting the most urgent needs of survivors but helping provide jobs, decent places to live and better public services remains an enormous challenge.
Over £30m has been spent already with the largest share of the money paying for water and sanitation (28%), emergency shelter (22%), livelihoods support (16%) and household …
An unprecedented aid effort in Haiti has reached more than two million survivors in the first 100 days since 12 January's devastating earthquake. Workers from aid agencies, the UN, government and ordinary Haitians pulled themselves out of the ruins of their homes and offices, buried their dead and started helping others. The initial bottlenecks in getting aid into the country by land, sea and air have been increasingly overcome with the trickle of aid arriving in the first weeks quickly turning into a torrent.
Lessons learnt after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami show that the international community must not rush into a quick-fix rebuilding of permanent homes, schools and other buildings in Haiti, said the Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) today.
If necessary, rebuilding should be delayed to leave time for proper planning, so that reconstruction leaves the Haitian people better protected from hurricanes and earthquakes than they were before the January 12th earthquake.
Brendan Gormley, Chief Executive of the DEC, said: "Right now the Haitian people need good quality …
Member agencies of the Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) are starting to give cash to earthquake survivors in Haiti to buy much-needed supplies and boost the crippled economy.
Assessment teams from Oxfam have discovered there is enough food being produced in Haiti but hundreds of thousands of people left homeless have no money to buy it.
The lives of thousands of expectant mothers in Haiti and the lives of their unborn babies are at risk after the earthquake left the healthcare system in tatters, leaving the women with no choice but to deliver their babies in emergency camps.
Around 37,000 pregnant women are living in the earthquake-hit region.
The DEC has announced that the wonderful generosity of the UK public means its members now have the money they need to fund their short term emergency aid efforts in Haiti.
Donations to the Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) have topped =A350m exactly two weeks since the devastating earthquake hit Haiti.
Donations continue to flood into the Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) almost two weeks on from the devastating earthquake in Haiti.
One week since the first Disasters Emergency Committee broadcast appeal, the DEC Haiti Earthquake appeal has increased to £42 million in donations counted so far. This is a £4 million increase since yesterday.
The Disasters Emergency Committee has announced that they have received =A338 million in donations counted so far, less than a week since the first DEC broadcast appeal.
With vital aid now getting through in larger quantities, the public's donations will help to save and rebuild lives across Haiti.
Member agencies of the Disasters Emergency Committee are calling for the international focus to remain on reuniting children who have lost their families during the earthquake in Haiti rather than adopting them out of the country.
The agencies are calling for an immediate moratorium on any new adoptions of children left on their own following last week's devastating earthquake until full extended family tracing and reunification has been completed.
They said any hasty new adoptions would risk permanently breaking up families, causing long-term damage to already vulnerable …
Exactly one week after the devastating earthquake in Haiti, the DEC Haiti Earthquake Appeal total has increased to =A331.5million counted so far as the public responds to desperate need of Haiti's survivors.
In the middle of an extremely challenging aid operation where many survivors are already terrified of aftershocks the news of today's tremors are of grave concern.
Nearly a week after the devastating earthquake in Haiti, the DEC Haiti Earthquake Appeal total has increased to =A325million counted so far as the public responds to desperate need of Haiti's survivors.
Since yesterday, DEC member agencies work has included:
- Christian Aid and its partners have set up tent hospitals and are providing medical equipment and supplies to the Haitian refugees injured by the earthquake at the Haitian border in Jimani.