Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Note: Map title modified. Original map title: Port-au-Prince Harbour, 15th January 2010
Note: Map title modified. Original map title: Jacmel Airfield, 15th January 2010
Note: The Cosmo-SkyMed Synthetic Aperture
Radar imagery has been used to produce these maps. This type of satellite
based sensor is particularly interesting for this type of application.
It is immune to bad weather and offers day & night capabilities (while
optical satellite cannot "see" at night or through clouds).
In an ILU map, red elements show areas where there is a big difference in the radar reflection between the pre and the post event images and therefore these areas could have been affected by the earthquake.
Note: The Cosmo-SkyMed Synthetic Aperture Radar imagery has been used to produce these maps. This type of satellite based sensor is particularly interesting for this type of application. It is immune to bad weather and offers day & night capabilities (while optical satellite cannot "see" at night or through clouds). The radar reflection characteristics of the ground can also be used to assess the damages.
Note: In four different areas of the port-au-Prince region the extent of the damage to the buildings has been assessed using High Resolution imagery from Geo-Eye satellite.
Note: The Port-au-Prince area has been broken down into 23 zones ("tiles") into which the usability of the roads has been assessed using High Resolution imagery from the Geo-Eye satellite.