Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Most read reports
- IOM Contributions to Progressively Resolve Displacement Situations: Compendium of activities and good practice
- Haiti Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017
- Earthquakes to Floods: A Scoping Review of Health-related Disaster Research in Low- and Middle-income Countries
- Haiti: Revised Humanitarian Response Plan (January - December 2018)
- First-class surgery for all in Tabarre hospital
Appeal Target: US$ 27,175,768
Balance requested: US$ 3,551,901
- Security consultancy has concluded a revised security framework for the ACT Alliance members in Haiti.
- Political turmoil around the election has created a new set of challenges for the humanitarian response.
- The cholera continues to progress and will threaten 200,000 people in the next few months.
- The post-earthquake emergency, rehabilitation and reconstruction activities continue with an increase in the present funding level required to meet the planned activities, as well as meet the additional challenges brought by the current context
According to the Civil Protection Direction, DPC, Hurricane Tomas caused 21 deaths and made 6,610 people homeless. 48,235 people were evacuated of which 24,212 sought refuges in 75 temporary shelters. To date the DPC has reported 2,008 houses destroyed and 5,336 damaged. With planning figures of 100,000 affected families, the impact was less consequential than originally thought. The department of Grande Anse was the most affected with the destruction of 70 to 90 percent of its farm land.
Hurricane Tomas was merciful as it swept past Haiti. The country was spared a direct hit, but torrential rain has caused widespread flooding and a heightened risk of the spread of disease among the already pressed population.
"The water is knee-deep inside our houses, and we have nothing. What kind of life is this?" ask residents of Cité Soleil, one of the largest slum areas of the country's capital Port au Prince.
"Last night I slept with water right up to the edge of my mattress.
Port-au-Prince, 24 October 2010
Cholera outbreak situation overview and ACT members' activities:
The Ministry of Health has confirmed the cholera outbreak in the Departement of Artibonite and the Central Plateau. More than 3,000 persons were hospitalized and 253 have died. A total of five cases were diagnosed in Port-au-Prince, all had travelled from the Artibonite. The Ministry of Health is in the process of starting a public campaign to prevent further spread.
Appeal Target: US$ 45,910,403
Balance requested: US$ 20,897,978
Geneva, 30 September 2010
The strongest earthquake in Haiti in more than 200 years, of magnitude 7.0 struck Haiti on January 12 at 16h53, with the epicenter located 15 km south-west of the capital Port-au-Prince. The nearby cities of Carrefour and Jacmel, as well as other areas to the west and south of Port-au-Prince, were also affected. It left 222,570 people killed and the number of injured estimated at 200,000 people.
Country situation overview (based on OCHA Humanitarian Bulletin 3 and information reported by ACT member organisations from their respective project sites):
Current emergency related figures indicate over 2 million people affected, 188,383 destroyed or damaged houses of which 66,667 have been assessed, 1.5 million people displaced, 1241 spontaneous settlement sites, and 4758 schools damaged or destroyed, representing 85 percent of schools in the affected areas.
As a first step and pilot project in a broader strategy for relocation processes in Port-au-Prince, people now living in …
Information on ACT members by sectors:
A revision of the appeal has been planned for mid-May 2010. After discussions at the ACT Haiti Forum on 17 May, it was agreed by most, but not all, of the requesting members to postpone the revision until the monitoring mission had taken place.
The appeal revision will be done in two phases. Requesting members that have already sent their proposal or wish to send it earlier are welcome to do so until 27 May 2010. The final deadline for sending the revised proposal is 15 June 2010.
Monitoring visit is planned for 7 June to 12 June.
Information on ACT members by sectors:
Communications and Advocacy
During the past two weeks, all ACT member organizations have been contacted about their communication and advocacy work including the headquarters of those members, which do not have any communications/advocacy advisor in Haiti. Individual meetings/discussions with each organization will help to provide a mapping on present and future issues planned by ACT members and their partners.
Appeal Target: US$ 31,506,851
Balance requested: US$ 20,988,194
Geneva, 19 February 2010
The strongest earthquake in Haiti in more than 200 years, of magnitude 7.0 struck Haiti on January 12 at 16h53, with the epicenter located 15 km south-west of the capital Port-au-Prince. The nearby cities of Carrefour and Jacmel, as well as other areas to the west and south of Port-au-Prince, were also affected. According to the OCHA SitRep, February 8, the number of deaths has been estimated at 212,000 people and the number of injured at more than 300,000 people.
Information on the Rapid Support Team
Carlos Rauda, as RST Coordinator, will extend his stay until the first week of March. ACT is currently looking into recruiting a Coordinator for the crisis phase of the appeal and possibly beyond. ACT Coordination in Haiti might also possibly include a Communicator as well as a Security Officer.
- From the ACT Secretariat: ACT Secretary General John Nduna will visit Haiti during the second week of March.
General information on the ACT Alliance response:
Twelve ACT members are currently participating in the relief efforts in Haiti.
GENEVA, SWITZERLAND - Rapid Support Team (RST) (January 27)
Carlos Rauda arrives in the DR January 29 and Elsa Moreno leaves on January 30.
GENEVA, SWITZERLAND - With Haiti's healthcare services in worse shape than before the earthquake, ACT Alliance members in Port-au-Prince continue to support medical care for Haiti's most vulnerable. As it had done long before January 12, ACT is caring for the children.
Traumatized, ill and suffering loss of limbs, hundreds of children need round-the-clock care.
At Port-au-Prince's Aprosifa malnutrition clinic, which is supported by ACT, staff feed 15-20 children and their mothers every day.
GENEVA, SWITZERLAND - Current situation
The situation continues to be desperate for the people affected by the earthquake in Haiti. Material aid is slowly reaching them but, due to the lack of data and weak government coordination, the organization and distribution of aid is still a challenge. Some incidents of fighting for aid have been registered but they are mostly due to lack of proper organization of the distribution.
The Government has declared the search and rescue phase over. Still people continue trying to find loved ones by scratching into the rubble with rudimentary tools.
Appeal Target: US$ 19,331,559
Balance Requested: US$ 11,116,353
Geneva, 23 January 2010
An earthquake of magnitude 7.0 struck Haiti on 12 January at 16h53, with the epicenter located 15 km south-west of the capital Port-au-Prince. On 19 January, at least 70,000 people were killed, with estimates up to 200,000 people that could have been killed in total.
The earthquake caused massive damage to the city already beleaguered with staggering poverty. An estimated 60-80 percent of buildings in Port-au-Prince were destroyed.
GENEVA, SWITZERLAND - Port-au-Prince - Thousands of people in Port-au-Prince - injured, hungry and desperate - have spent days outdoor in the demolished capital of Haiti without food or shelter. Desperate Haitians have blocked streets with corpses in anger. Food is stocking up at the airport, but has not yet been distributed.