Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Geneva, 16 September 2011
• The current political stand-off between the President and Parliament are preventing political progress and exacerbating the security situation.
• A Study carried out by IOM, ACTED and CDAD report that 94% of people still living in camps would go home if they had an alternative accommodation. According to IOM data, 595,000 Haitians still leave in 894 camps, mostly scattered in and around Port-au-Prince.
Appeal Target: US$ 27,175,768
Balance requested: US$ 3,551,901
Chris Herlinger of ACT member Church World Service always knew security was important – but an assignment in Haiti in January 2010 following the devastating earthquake confirmed that.
One Saturday, staff of ACT Alliance agencies joined Haitian humanitarian workers of the Lutheran World Federation at a distribution of relief goods in Gressier village, 20km west of Port-au-Prince. This was the first assistance people in the village had received since the earthquake. Despite this, the people waiting in line were orderly and quiet.
4000 schools were destroyed in the earthquake in Haiti. ACT member Finn Church Aid is helping to rebuild them. This video from Finn Church Aid shows some of their work. French with English subtitles.
By Malene Haakansson, DanChurchAid
In the rural Haiti, poverty is high and the rate of development too low.
Outspoken Haitian senator Jean Maxime Roumer knows how to get Haiti out of the chaos it's in. The experienced politician - once a member of President René Préval's party, Lespwa (Hope), but now an independent politician in opposition to the government, says the focus of the many NGOs that have come to Haiti need to turn to the countryside.
"We need to focus on decentralisation but it is challenging when people live where they work.
In the days and weeks following the earthquake, acute relief efforts were carried out very effectively, and camps for earthquake victims were now "reasonably well" organised, he said.
"But I am worried to see how slow and badly organised some of the national and international authorities' efforts to reconstruct Haiti have been, especially in terms of rubble removal and construction of new houses and buildings.
Jan 17, 2011
By Malene Haakansson, DanChurchAid
When Vena Pierre saw the car of ACT member Diakonie Katastrophenhilfe, she ran towards it. Programme coordinator Jacques Philippe Mondésir was hardly out before Pierre embraced him. Her face shone with happiness.
The reason for her joy was right behind her - a small two bedroom house which DKH rebuilt after the earthquake hit the southern town of Jacmel.
"I was thrilled when I found out that my house was going to be rebuilt," said the single mother of two sons.
ACT in Haiti
Sandra Cox assesses ACT's work in Haiti over the past twelve months
The call for help from the people of Haiti came just 12 days after ACT Alliance was formed from the union of its predecessors, ACT International and ACT Development. Yet, in the 12 months that have passed since the earthquake killed at least 230,000 people, the fledging organisation has reached out to 600,000 survivors in Haiti's devastated capital, major cities and countryside.
ACT's work in Haiti represents one of the largest blocs of humanitarian support in the country.
It's not the NGOs. Mountains of rubble and archaic land laws are slowing Haiti's progress
Sandra Cox asks why progress in rehousing people has been so slow
Media headlines describe a country that is on anything but the road to recovery. A year after the earthquake, Haiti is a still plagued by piles of rubble, few new houses, and over a million people living under canvas or temporary shelters.