Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
La question de la relocalisation des déplacés des camps se fait pressante.
The eviction of displaced people from camps is now a pressing issue.
En Haïti, Handicap International estimait que 800 000 personnes vivaient avec une incapacité avant le tremblement de terre du 12 janvier 2010; elles étaient parmi les plus pauvres du pays. Depuis le séisme, le nombre de personnes handicapées a augmenté dramatiquement, ce qui exerce encore plus de pression sur des infrastructures déjà fragiles. Plusieurs enfants nouvellement handicapés ont aussi perdu leurs parents et leur maison, et les personnes handicapées qui s'entassaient auparavant à Port-au-Prince se sont déplacées vers la périphérie, où …
by Cassandra Phillips
In Haiti, Handicap International estimated that 800,000 people were living with disabilities before the Jan. 12, 2010 earthquake; they were among the poorest in the country. With the quake, the number of people with disabilities has increased dramatically, putting an even greater strain on an already weak infrastructure. Many newly-disabled children have also lost their parents and their homes, and the disabled previously congested in Port-au-Prince have shifted into outlying regions where services are scarce.
Cassandra Phillips, Steven Estey and Mary Ennis
It is expected that the number of persons living with physical disabilities will continue to rise.
When the world was attentive to the shocking reports and images out of Haiti in the aftermath of the January earthquake, nothing was heard about what was happening to people already living with disabilities.
When the injured were dug out from the rubble, many were horrified to discover that hundreds of amputations were performed under canvas, without proper equipment.
FOCAL Views: Thinking through Haiti
Critical and creative thinking is essential to guide reconstruction.
Haiti is famous for its proverbs; most require some knowledge of the country to truly appreciate them. There is, however, one that is understood universally and instantly: "In Haiti, everything is a priority."
After the earthquake, what had already been acute challenges are now more complex and more resourcedemanding, and will require action beyond past efforts. This reality is not recognized by all.