Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Led by the Women’s Refugee Commission, an interagency group comprising CARE, the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) and Save the Children undertook a mission to Haiti in May 2010 to assess the progress the humanitarian community has made in the implementation of the Minimum Initial Services Package (MISP) in emergency response operations.The specific objectives of the assessment were: to identify and document available Reproductive Health (RH) services, gaps and good practices per the five components of the MISP; to identify key factors that support and hinder MISP …
Written by Toby Simon, Disabilities Consultant and Elizabeth Daniels, Commissioner posted: September 2, 2010
Corail Camp.Drivers honked and yelled angrily as two wheelchairs rolled down the bustling street in Port-au-Prince, stopping traffic and catching the gaze of curious bystanders. A director of "Helping Hands, Haiti" cheered for the earthquake survivors as they wheeled through the commotion, commenting that the novelty of this scene still shocks many Haitians.
Written by Mihoko Tanabe, Program Officer, Reproductive Health posted: July 12, 2010
Haiti, six months after January's devastating earthquake
Haiti's city blocks and rural roads are still strewn with mounds of ruins, and an estimated 2 million people remain displaced as a result of the devastating earthquake that shook the island nation on January 12.
An Inter-agency MISP Assessment Conducted by CARE, International Planned Parenthood Federation, Save the Children and Women's Refugee Commission
May 17-21, 2010
At the time of the assessment, four months after the January 12 earthquake, an estimated 2 million individuals(1) remained displaced in settlement sites in earthquake-affected areas, including Port-au-Prince, Jacmel, Leogane, Petit Goave and Grand Goave.(2) The Government of Haiti and humanitarian organizations have scaled up their response and contingency planning, particularly for food, water, health and …
KEY MESSAGES AND GUIDANCE FOR ACTION
Before the January 12, 2010 Haitian earthquake, more than half of the Haitian population lived on less than one dollar a day and 78% on less than two. With an estimated $3.6 billion lost in economic productivity, increasing numbers of Haitians find themselves slipping under the poverty line. Haitians trying to survive are engaging in ad hoc businesses, migrating to rural areas and leveraging remittances.
- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
In 2009, the Inter-Agency Standing Committee Task Force on Safe Access to Firewood and alternative Energy in Humanitarian Settings (IASC Task Force SAFE), co-chaired by the Women's Refugee Commission (working under the authority of InterAction), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), produced a roadmap1 for coordinated humanitarian response to challenges associated with the collection, supply and use of cooking fuel-including identifying the key fuel-related activities that each of eight key humanitarian response …
Il y avait environ 800 000 personnes handicapées en Haïti avant le tremblement de terre, dont 200 000 enfants. 194 0003 - 250 0004 personnes supplémentaires ont été blessées lors du tremblement de terre, et beaucoup d'entre elles seront handicapés à long terme. Il y a au moins 2 000 nouveaux amputés.
Les personnes handicapées sont souvent laissées pour compte, négligées et oubliées par les opérations de secours et la réponse humanitaire.
KEY MESSAGES AND GUIDANCE FOR ACTION
Even before the January 12 earthquake, cooking fuel was a major concern in Haiti-especially for the poorest segments of the population, and for women, who are largely responsible for cooking for their families or selling cooked foods to earn a meager income.
According to the World Bank, before the earthquake, 70% of the Haitian population was dependent on woodfuel resources (mostly firewood and charcoal) as its primary source of cooking fuel.(1) However, the supply of woodfuel was tenuous at best, with large swathes of the Haitian hillsides …
There were approximately 800,000 persons with disabilities in Haiti prior to the earthquake, including 200,000 children. An additional 194,0003 - 250,0004 were injured in the earthquake, many of whom will suffer from long-term disabilities.