Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Today, Thursday, the MSB will dispatch an aircraft to Haiti loaded with about 200 family tents and water purification plant.
This flight is being financed by Sida, and the tents have been donated by Swedish Lions. The MSB will load up with extra equipment if there is room.
Yesterday, Sunday 17th January, the third Swedish and MSB humanitarian aid aircraft departed for Haiti.
Onboard were MSB personnel who will set-up the base camp for UN personnel, and other personnel who will work directly for various UN bodies. Additionally, the MSB offered a number of seats for aid workers from Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders) and the Swedish Red Cross.
The C17 plan that departed on Saturday night from =D6rebro made a stop in the Azores on Sunday, where it remained for several hours for the crew to rest.
During the weekend three aircraft will depart for Haiti. Sweden and the MSB will set up a base-camp for UN personnel. About 20 Swedes, including electricians and sanitation specialists, will be deployed for this task.
The Swedish team is self-sufficient so as not to burden Haiti further.
Transportation is a cooperative effort between the Nordic countries. Norway, Denmark, and Finland are also contributing to the base-camp with materiel, as is Estonia.
One cargo aircraft will depart Stockholm on Saturday.