Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Haitian engineer Jac-Ssone Alerte wants to place the knowledge he acquired in Brazil—where he has lived since 2008—at the service of his country. Graduated from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), he spearheads an academic project aimed at supporting the construction of affordable housing in Haiti. To finance his project, a campaign was launched in which a book is sold to collaborators.
Vladimir Platonow, special reporter from Agência Brasil Edited by: Marcos Chaga / Nira Foster
Camila Maciel and William Douglas report from Agência Brasil
Edited by: Denise Griesinger / Augusto Queiroz
President René Préval,
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon,
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton,
Former President Bill Clinton,
Brazil co-chairs this Donors' Conference with the conviction we are gathered here to make sure that the Haitian people find the path of sustainable development. This process has to be undertaken under the guidance of the Haitian government, with the support of the international community.
Brazil is confident that Haiti is capable of overcoming the present challenges and of taking full ownership of its destiny.
Summary of humanitarian assistance provided by Brazil to Haiti in the aftermath of the earthquake of January 12th 2010, as of January 20th 2010, 11PM (Brasília time):
1) The Brazilian Government has pledged US$ 15 million of funds in humanitarian assistance to Haiti in the aftermath of the earthquake of January 12th 2010.
2) The Brazilian Government has made a voluntary contribution to the World Food Programme for immediate humanitarian assistance to Haiti: US$ 130,000
3) The Brazilian Government has sent funds to the Brazilian Embassy in Port-au-Prince, for local purchase …