Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
From Hurricane Katrina to the tsunami in South-East Asia to the 2008 earthquakes in China, the world has seen an increasing number of natural disasters affecting human populations in recent years. The 7.0 magnitude earthquake that struck Haiti on 12 January 2010 created unprecedented challenges for the international community and aid agencies typically involved in responding to such emergencies. The quake killed approximately 220,000 people, destroyed the homes of 1.9 million and affected a total of 3 million.
As a result of natural disasters, over 350 million people worldwide are in need of immediate assistance each year.
How can the private sector mobilize resources to enhance the international community's response to humanitarian crises?
Peter Bakker, Chief Executive Officer, TNT, Netherlands; Global Agenda Council on the Future of Transportation
Catherine Bragg, Assistant Secretary-General , United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian …
The crisis in Haiti has required an unprecedented effort by humanitarian organizations and the private sector to save lives and re-establish critical communication and supply links.
How do first responders just back from Haiti see the current situation today the prospects for the future?
- This is the first mega-humanitarian crisis to strike an urban environment. The capital of one of the world's poorest nations has been completely destroyed and with it the nerve centre of government.