Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
National Statement delivered by Ambassador Carl Skau on behalf of Sweden at the United Nations Security Council Debate on the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH), 12 October 2017, New York.
I associate myself with the statement that will be made by the European Union later this morning.
In April this year MSB took over the responsibility for the United Nations World Food Programmes (WFP) vehicle fleet in Haiti. The responsibility includes transports of goods as well as maintenance of around 70 all-terrain trucks and just as many lighter vehicles of the type Toyota Land cruiser.
Haiti has been a country in crisis for a long period of time. For several years before the devastating earthquake that hit the country in January 2010, WFP has been in place distributing food and life’s necessities to the vulnerable population.
Another C-17 aircraft bound for Haiti and Port-au-Prince is expected to depart from =D6rebro Airport on Sunday evening containing a 40 tonne cargo and 4 passengers.
One of the passengers is Swedish and will work for the MSB as an administrator at the base camp. Two are from the Norwegian DSB and will work as technicians in the camp. And the fourth who is from Finland will work as an ICT technician for the OCHA.
The cargo consists mainly of Swedish and Norwegian base camp materiel.
Yesterday, Sunday 17th January, the third Swedish and MSB humanitarian aid aircraft departed for Haiti.
Onboard were MSB personnel who will set-up the base camp for UN personnel, and other personnel who will work directly for various UN bodies. Additionally, the MSB offered a number of seats for aid workers from Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders) and the Swedish Red Cross.
The C17 plan that departed on Saturday night from =D6rebro made a stop in the Azores on Sunday, where it remained for several hours for the crew to rest.
Ministry for Foreign Affairs
Sweden's support for the emergency situation in Haiti now amounts to SEK 180 million. In addition, Sweden will disburse its entire annual contribution of SEK 425 million to the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF). The Fund is in urgent need of resources after being nearly emptied as a result of the Haiti disaster.