Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Most read reports
- Earthquakes to Floods: A Scoping Review of Health-related Disaster Research in Low- and Middle-income Countries
- IOM Contributions to Progressively Resolve Displacement Situations: Compendium of activities and good practice
- First-class surgery for all in Tabarre hospital
- IOM Completes First Road to Massive Displacement Settlement in Haiti
- Haiti Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017
BRC generally accepts all the recommendations presented by the evaluators.
Regarding Recommendation 1, and the “establishment of international roster of livelihoods, infrastructure and governance experts to help identify an on-going source of appropriate human resources”, BRC notes that it did have existing registers, but its members were either unavailable or lacked the skillset that the urban context required.
Five years on from Haiti’s devastating earthquake, the British Red Cross is completing a project that has helped rebuild the neighbourhood of Delmas 19 in Port-au-Prince.
The earthquake that struck Port-au-Prince, Haiti, on 12 January 2010 led to the loss of more than 220,000 lives, over 310,000 injuries and extensive damage to buildings and infrastructure. Taking the British Red Cross recovery programme as a case study, this report presents a series of lessons on good practice in urban livelihoods recovery. The report, developed in partnership with Groupe URD, is a shortened version of an internal study of assessment, decision-making and management within the livelihoods component of the programme.
When we talk about our reconstruction programme in Haiti, we don’t just mean building new houses, there’s much more to it than that.
We’re talking about transforming people’s lives in Delmas 19, a suburb of the capital Port-au-Prince.
Together with the community, the British Red Cross has repaired the canal, installed new drainage to stop flooding, created new pathways, built a new market and carried out other general infrastructure improvements.
Repairing or replacing hundreds of homes damaged by the Haiti earthquake is a major part of the British Red Cross’ £23 million response to the disaster. But more than three years after the earthquake, this rebuilding work is far from finished. What does it take to get a community back on its feet – and why can the process take years?
“Mwen kontan we w” – a simple yet touching Haitian saying that marks the start of the working day for British Red Cross staff, volunteers and community members in Haiti. It means “I’m happy to see you”, and with the Haiti recovery in its third year, this is one working relationship that couldn’t be more important.
The British Red Cross is currently in the third year of a four-year operation responding to the Haiti earthquake. Overall, its recovery programme has helped more than 340,000 people.
Aid provided since January 2010 includes emergency relief to camps in Port-au-Prince, responding to a cholera outbreak, support for livelihoods, water and sanitation, as well as an urban regeneration project.
Haiti earthquake third anniversary: British Red Cross community-led project rebuilds neighbourhood from the rubble
Three years on from Haiti’s devastating earthquake, the British Red Cross has been helping to rebuild the neighbourhood of Delmas 19, Port au Prince, in a community-led project.
Haiti’s earthquake of 12 January 2010 killed more than 230,000 people and left 2 million homeless. The Red Cross Red Crescent launched their biggest single country response in the immediate aftermath, sending 21 emergency teams to provide food, water, shelter and health support.
As the Red Cross helps regenerate a community devastated by the Haiti earthquake on 12 January 2010, it is taking an innovative approach, ensuring the people affected are in the driving seat.
By Ellie Matthews
Théogène Mie Michèle is 22 and volunteers as a British Red Cross community-based health and first aid team leader, raising awareness about the risks of diseases such as cholera, malaria and tuberculosis in her area of La Piste Camp, Port-au-Prince.
By Ellie Matthews
When a devastating earthquake struck Haiti in 2010, the British Red Cross was quickly on the scene helping communities recover. Two years on, we are still there. Why? Because recovering from such a huge disaster takes time. At least, it does if you want to improve people’s lives permanently.
The Red Cross is warning that housing repairs and reconstruction in Haiti must speed up, as hundreds of thousands of people still live in camps two years after an earthquake devastated the country.
Haiti’s worst earthquake in two centuries hit the capital Port-au-Prince and nearby areas on 12 January 2010. It killed over 200,000 people and left around 1.5 million people homeless.
Although Haiti’s South Department was not directly affected by the earthquake that struck the country in January 2010, between 100,000 to 120,000 people moved to the region and the size of an average family in the south doubled. Communities struggled with poverty before the population shift, and the disaster made life still more difficult for thousands of people.
Two years after Haiti’s worst earthquake in two centuries devastated the country, the Red Cross is still helping Haitians recover.
The earthquake hit the capital Port-au-Prince and nearby areas on 12 January 2010, killing over 200,000 people and displacing around 1.5 million people.
The Red Cross immediately provided emergency healthcare, shelter, relief items and water and sanitation. And, over the following two years, we have built shelters, improved mass sanitation, given financial support to households and put families back in touch with each other.
Using DEC funds our member agencies have provided assistance to over 1.8million earthquake survivors in Haiti.
By Ellie Matthews December 25, 2011 at 6:00 am
“A year ago, in December 2010, I watched people pass by, arms laden with things for the Christmas and New Year celebrations. I heard that it was Christmas but couldn’t celebrate it,” says Marie Bernadette, a resident of the Delmas 19 district of Port-au-Prince, Haiti. “How can you hope to have a good Christmas and welcome in a new year when you don’t have money to even buy a gift for your children?”
Today, AlertNet reported on the need for agencies to communicate better with people affected by disasters, and they’re right, which is why the Red Cross made it such a priority after the earthquake which devastated Haiti on 12 January 2010.
This month, the global population is projected to top 7 billion. With the earth’s resources under increasing pressure, environmental cost and humanitarian consequences are inevitable.
For Port-au-Prince, Haiti’s capital city, built practically on top of a fault line and with an estimated population of two million when an earthquake hit on 12 January 2010, the impact, as we all know, was an unprecedented disaster.
By Ellie Matthews
Mandy George, our communications delegate in Haiti, reports back on how Red Cross literacy classes in La Piste camp are improving women’s lives:
The levels of literacy in Haiti are low, but among the most vulnerable groups living in camps they are even lower. It is estimated that 80 per cent of residents of La Piste camp in Port-au-Prince – home to around 45,000 people displaced by the earthquake on 12 January 2010 – cannot read or write.