Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
-Le Plan de Réponse Humanitaire 2017-2018 vise à sauver des vies tout en renforçant la résilience de la population et des institutions nationales face aux crises et aux catastrophes naturelles, et en ouvrant la voie vers le développement durable
The Humanitarian Response Plan 2017-2018 aims to save lives while strengthening the resilience of the population and national institutions in the face of crises and natural disasters, and by paving the way towards sustainable development
THE HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE PLAN AT A GLANCE
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 1
Strengthen affected people’s resilience through timely life-saving assistance, improved access to basic services and immediate livelihood restoration.
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 2
Ensure a rapid and effective response to cholera outbreaks and other waterborne diseases
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 3
OVERVIEW OF THE CRISIS
Key achievements toward Strategic Objectives
• From January to December 2014, 45,088 IDPs (14,193 families) were relocated from IDP camps to neighborhoods thanks to rental subsidy programs. 163 IDP sites were closed as a result.
• As of December 2014, there was a 53% reduction in the number of cholera cases compared to the same period last year.
• 53% of nutritional coverage provided in areas most affected by severe acute malnutrition.
Key achievements towards strategic objectives
11,486 IDP families or 43,360 individuals were relocated from IDP camps thanks to return programs. 101 IDP sites were closed as a result.
As of June, 36 camps (hosting 45,678 IDP) out of 53 camps at risk of flooding had preparedness and response committees and small scale mitigation works were undertaken.
82% reduction of the number of cholera cases compared to the same period last year.
1 Basic services, protection and durable solutions for IDPs
Geneva, 17 December 2013: Today, the Humanitarian and Resident Coordinator for Haiti – Mr. Peter de Clercq – briefed on the humanitarian situation in Haiti and on the 2014 Humanitarian Action Plan (HAP). The Plan outlines the needs of 817,000 Haitians in 35 of the country’s 140 communes and the strategy proposed to address the most critical of these needs.
Geneva, 17 December 2013 I have come here today to speak about Haiti. Unfortunately, over the last four years, there have been too many reasons drawing attention of the United Nations and the International Community to this small Caribbean country: the 2010 devastating earthquake; the cholera outbreak that followed in October that year; the passage of Hurricane Sandy in 2012.
But today, I come with a different message.
Throughout its history Haiti has faced many complex tragedies. that shook Since the outbreak in October 2010 in the aftermath of the devastating earthquake that shook the country, cholera was added to the country’s already overloaded list of challenges.
COMMUNIQUÉ DE PRESSE
(Port-au-Prince, 10 June 2013) - On June 5, the United Nations was informed that 120 to 150 families displaced by the 2010 earthquake and residing in Camp Bristou B1 were victims of illegal forced eviction on 4 and 5 June. A tractor was used to destroy tents starting 04 June and continuing into the night. Only fifty tents or shelters remained after the demolition. Although the camp is located on private land, witnesses noted that the eviction was not orchestrated by the owner himself.
MARIANO FERNáNDEZ Amunátegui Représentant spécial du Secrétaire général en Haïti
MARIANO FERNáNDEZ Amunátegui - Special Representative of the Secretary-General in Haiti
The current political situation in Haiti is characterized by a stabilization process that, although fragile, shows promise and must be nurtured. Enduring political stability is the key to strengthening the country’s governance institutions, promoting socio-economic development, and attracting foreign investment.
(Port-au-Prince, 24 July 2012): The international response to the 2012 Haiti consolidated appeal (CAP) has been disappointing, stated Nigel Fisher, the Humanitarian Coordinator in Haiti today, during the launch of the revised CAP in Port au Prince. The CAP seeks international funding to support Haiti’s most vulnerable populations affected by humanitarian crises.
(Port-au-Prince, 24 Juillet 2012): La réponse internationale à l'Appel Consolidé 2012 pour Haïti a été décevante, a déclaré Nigel Fisher, le Coordonnateur humanitaire en Haïti aujourd'hui, lors du lancement de l’Appel Consolidé révisé à Port-au-Prince. L’objectif de l’appel est d’obtenir des financements internationaux pour appuyer les populations les plus vulnérables affectées par les crises humanitaires en Haïti.
Port-au-Prince, 10 January 2012 – Despite numerous difficulties and structural challenges, signs of progress and positive results multiply in Haiti as the country marks the second anniversary of the devastating earthquake that hit the country on January 12, 2010.
Port-au-Prince, le 10 janvier 2012 – Malgré des difficultés et des défis structurels nombreux, les signes de progrès et de résultats positifs se multiplient en Haïti alors que le pays commémore le second anniversaire du tremblement de terre dévastateur qui a frappé le pays le 12 janvier 2010.
« Il ne faut pas renoncer à Haïti. » Près de deux ans après le tremblement de terre qui a ravagé le pays, le Représentant spécial adjoint du Secrétaire général pour Haïti, M. Nigel Fisher, a mis l’accent, cet après-midi devant la presse, sur l’impérieuse nécessité de poursuivre les efforts de reconstruction qui, malgré les nombreuses difficultés, portent leurs fruits.
Le Représentant spécial adjoint du Secrétaire général en Haïti a affirmé, aujourd'hui au cours d'une rencontre avec la presse en visioconférence, que « rétrospectivement », la réponse humanitaire au séisme avait été « considérable ». Nigel Fisher a indiqué que les résultats du premier tour des élections présidentielles devraient être annoncés à la fin de cette semaine. Il a catégoriquement rejeté les allégations selon lesquelles Haïti serait devenu la « République des ONG ».