Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
How does MSF work? It’s a deceptively simple question with at least as many different answers as we have patients all over the world. However, there are some common threads. From the most basic nutritional assistance for malnourished children to the most complex medical research, all of our work is guided by the principles set out in our charter: upholding medical ethics, maintaining impartiality, bearing witness on behalf of our patients, ensuring we remain accountable to both our donors and beneficiaries, and preserving our independence.
Five years have passed since a devastating earthquake shook Haiti, affecting approximately 3 million people and killing 220,000, according to government estimates. What is the situation in Haiti now after five years of reconstruction efforts, and what health care services does Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) still provide in the country? MSF’s Haiti Country Director Oliver Schulz discusses:
What is the overall medical and humanitarian situation today, five years after the earthquake?
Un vide existait bien avant le séisme
Three years after a massive earthquake battered the island nation of Haiti on January 12, 2010, the Haitian health care system remains mired in a state of devastation. Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), which was present in the country before the earthquake and responded with its largest-ever emergency relief effort, continues to manage four hospitals that were built to replace temporary structures the organization set up immediately after the initial disaster, which destroyed most of the existing health structures in the impact zone.
It’s been two years since a cholera epidemic first swept through Haiti, infecting hundreds of thousands of people who’d never before encountered the disease. It was clear that cholera was likely to be a recurring issue in Haiti, but even today, new patients cannot be certain that they will get the treatment they need, and little has been done to improve the environmental conditions that enable the continued spread of the disease.
Every day, approximately 1,000 women die in childbirth or from a pregnancy-related complication. Maternal death can occur at any time in pregnancy, but delivery is by far the most dangerous time for both the mother and the baby. The vast majority of these deaths can be prevented if access to emergency obstetric care is ensured.
January 12, 2010, will forever remain engraved in Haiti's collective memory. Nearly everyone in the country lost a relative, friend, or neighbor in the earthquake that hit that day, and many survivors continue to suffer physical or psychological after effects. The piles of rubble and gaping holes in the streets of Port-au-Prince show that the city itself still bears the scars as well.
Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is providing humanitarian aid to Haitian asylum seekers in Tabatinga, a town in the state of Amazonas, Brazil. MSF teams have been monitoring the situation of Haitians in this small town, located at the border between Brazil, Colombia, and Peru, since November. In December, MSF started distributing more than 1,300 personal hygiene kits and other relief items.
While young victims of war and famine are able to access latest lifesaving, nutritious foods, millions more malnourished children still receive poor quality food aid
On August 18, the medical humanitarian aid organization Doctors Without Bordcers/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) officially inaugurated its new specialized emergency obstetric care hospital in the Delmas neighborhood of Port-au-Prince, Haiti.
The hospital is called CRUO – Centre de Référence en Urgences Obstétricales (Referral Center for Obstetric Emergencies). The facility began treating patients in March of this year.
MSF built CRUO following the destruction of its previous emergency obstetric care hospital, Maternité Solidarité, in the January 2010 earthquake.
Following the January 2010 earthquake MSF launched the largest emergency operation in its history. A year and a half later, MSF’s projects are adjusting to changing situations.
Thirty-five seconds. That’s all it took for an earthquake to shatter the lives of millions of Haitians on January 12, 2010. Medical needs were immediate and massive. More than 300,000 people were injured and 1.5 million left homeless.
Then in October, a cholera epidemic struck, with 250,000 cases in the first five months. MSF treated almost half of these patients.
MSF issues review of emergency response and current gaps in medical care; shelter, water and sanitation, and secondary health care challenges
PORT-AU-PRINCE/GENEVA/NEW YORK - One year after a devastating earthquake killed an estimated 222,000 people and left 1.5 million people homeless, Haitians continue to endure appalling living conditions amid a nationwide cholera outbreak, despite the largest humanitarian aid deployment in …
Issued in July 2010, six months after the earthquake on 12 January. Covers the reporting period up to 31 May.
Six months after the earthquake that devastated Haiti on 12th January 2010, this report describes the evolution of MSF's work during what is the organisation's largest ever rapid emergency response. It attempts to explain the scope of the medical and material aid provided to Haiti by MSF since the catastrophe, but also to set out the considerable challenges and dilemmas faced by the organisation.
Port-au-Prince/New York - While the majority of the Haitian population is still extremely vulnerable, the UN donor conference to be held in New York on 31 March must not take measures that would limit the access to health care of the population, says international medical organisation Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF).
Since the earthquake of 12 January nearly all public and many private medical structures have offered free of charge health care.
Patients in dire need of emergency care dying from delays in arrival of medical supplies
Port-au-Prince - A Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) cargo plane carrying 12 tons of medical equipment, including drugs, surgical supplies and two dialysis machines, was turned away three times from Port-au-Prince, Haiti, airport since Sunday night, despite repeated assurances of its ability to land there.
This 12-ton cargo was part of the contents of an earlier plane carrying a total of 40 tons of supplies that was blocked from landing …