Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
The first World Humanitarian Summit, which will take place in Istanbul, Turkey, in May 2016, will bring together governments, humanitarian organisations, and people affected by humanitarian crises to propose solutions to some of the world’s most pressing challenges. In the months leading up to the Summit, ensuring that children’s voices are heard in these discussions is a key priority for Plan International.
Plan shows results of its intervention as country marks five-year anniversary of Haiti earthquake.
Port-au-Prince, Haiti (7 January) – CONTINUED investment, especially in children and young people, is needed in Haiti, five years after the deadly earthquake reduced it to rubble, says child rights and humanitarian organisation Plan International.
Port-au-Prince – The international children’s organization Plan International has announced that it is shifting the focus of its work in the impoverished Caribbean nation of Haiti to a recovering and rebuilding mode after a prolonged period of emergency response.
“The road to recovery will be a long one but Plan International is here for the long haul. We must ensure the country is not forgotten and we will do all possible to continue to help the people of Haiti recover and rebuild,” said Chief Executive Officer of the UK-based Plan International, Nigel Chapman.
Op-ed signed by the Haiti NGO Coordination Committee, which includes ACTED, published on 11.01.2012 on Le Monde newspaper website.
This report looks at how Plan has been helping children and families affetced by the devastating earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 January 2010, as well as the challenges faced and priorities going forward.
Over the last 2 years we have achieved a number of successes which include helping 31,000 children return to school, providing livelihood support to 36,000 people and reaching more than 400,000 people with our emergency cholera response work.
Plan will now focus on the following 3 areas:
January 2012: Meet David - one of thousands of children benefiting from new earthquake-proof classrooms and dreaming of a bright future, writes Plan Haiti’s John Walter Destine.
Since the installation of the semi-permanent classroom buildings, David’s school results have improved significantly. “I am amazed at David’s performance. He has come a long way since the semi-permanent school was built,” says his teacher Saint Surin Jean Jude.
David, 10 years old, is the eldest of a family of 6 children living in an area near to Croix-des-Bouquets.
Plan UK is joining the Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) to tackle major humanitarian crises overseas.
The international children’s charity is the first agency to join the umbrella organisation in six years.
The DEC has run joint fundraising appeals for emergency response and early recovery programmes since 1963, and most recently in the aftermath of the Pakistan floods and the earthquake in Haiti.
Approximately ten months after the devastating earthquake in Haiti, the country was once again caught off-guard and taken aback by an outbreak of cholera that began during the week of October 18, 2010 in the province of Artibonite, about 80 kilometers (50 miles) away from the capital Port-au-Prince. An unusually high number of diarrheal cases were recorded in the region and laboratory tests conducted by Haiti’s Department of Public Health and Population (MSPP) confirmed that it was the highly infectious bacteria vibrio cholerea, or cholera.
April 6, 2011
Guirlène*, 15 years old, is the eldest of three boys and two girls. Her mother is a merchant and her father is a builder. She has been attending the Nationale Ecole de Beudet in the Croix-des-Bouquets district for four years now. She says it takes her two hours to get to school every day from her home, walking on foot, but nonetheless she enjoys attending.
"They teach you a lot here," she says, smiling. "And in the morning the director does a lot of training with us—he helps us out a lot. He also gives us advice."
Posted by Heidi Reed
17 March 2011: A few weeks ago I travelled from Port-au-Prince to Croix-des-Bouquets to see the site where Plan financed the building of 100 homes for vulnerable women and their children in partnership with Haven, an Irish non-governmental organisation.
In the months after the earthquake, these families had been clustered in a small tent and tarp community that grew around a big mango tree and a patch of dirt where children played football.
The small A-frame wooden homes with porches in the front are located on different parcels of land …
Fewer than half (43%) of people who donate to charity disaster appeals are told about the difference their money has made, according to new research from international children's development charity, Plan UK.
The study, which was carried out by research company ComRes on Plan's behalf, seeks to understand the public's perception of the media's reporting of humanitarian disasters.
Just one in five people (20%) who contributed to disaster appeals received some sort of communication regarding their donation.
Only 5 per cent of these were personalised; fewer than one …
Pazapa is a local organization in Jacmel, Haiti that provides education for children with disabilities. During January's earthquake, their school building was severely damaged, so Plan provided them with a temporary structure to continue their classes. Today, Plan is starting work on a new, permanent purpose-built school for them.
This report documents the work of Plan
in Haiti before, during, and after the earthquake, and looks at the challenges
for the future.
Plan has been working in Haiti for 37 years, and before the earthquake had focused on the kinds of projects that Plan does best - working at a grassroots level in communities on health, education, and microfinance, as well as training children and young people in promoting their rights. Since Haiti is a country vulnerable to cyclones and hurricanes, Plan had also carried out work in disaster risk management.
Statement from the Chair
Plan entered the 2010 financial year with cautious optimism, having weathered the worst of the financial crisis. I am very happy to report that the measures we have since put in place, and the continuing efforts and commitment of our fundraising teams, programme advisors and highly dedicated staff, have all contributed to a 14 per cent rise in income to over €534 million.
4 November 2010: Aid is being stockpiled across the country as the people of Haiti prepare themselves for the arrival of Tomas, expected to be a category 1 hurricane by the time it hits the southern coast.
As part of its disaster preparation work, Plan has warehoused thousands of non-food supplies from first aid, hygiene kits and flashlights, to waterproof clothing and plastic sheeting, tools and rope.
1 November 2010: Health workers are spreading the word on how to prevent cholera as people in Haiti's sprawling 'tented cities' brace themselves for a strong tropical storm.
It is feared the potentially destructive storm could hamper so far successful efforts to contain the outbreak of cholera in Haiti's capital, Port au Prince.
An estimated 1.3 million displaced people are still living in temporary camps following January's massive earthquake.
Health risks exacerbated
It is feared that the torrential rain could exacerbate health risks in the over-crowded …
October 25, 2010 - Plan International is scaling up its work in Haiti to help bring a deadly cholera outbreak under control.
The first outbreak in the country for 50 years has so far claimed more than 250 lives and infected 3,000 people.
The outbreak is largely concentrated around the Artibonite River and the Central and West areas of the country. A handful of cases have now reached the capital, Port-au-Prince.
Cholera is an acute bacterial infection caused by drinking or eating contaminated water or food. It can very quickly cause severe dehydration and death.
29 September 2010: Plan is helping families affected by a violent storm in Haiti which has destroyed the tents of thousands of people left homeless by January's earthquake.
At least 6 people were killed and hundreds more injured during the storm that tore through the Haitian capital of Port-au-Prince on Friday.
According to the United Nations, the severe weather damaged or destroyed around 8,000 tents, leaving 55,000 people without shelter once more.
24 June 2010: As the rainy season gets underway in Haiti, cash for work programmes are helping earthquake-affected communities to protect themselves from flooding. Plan Haiti's Kristie van de Wetering reports.
It is rainy season once again. What for some might be perceived as a blessing following planting season, for most people here it is the exact opposite.
Heavy showers and intermittent rains have already caused the overflow of gullies and flooding of rivers.
On January 12, 2010, a 7.3 magnitude earthquake struck Haiti, causing large scale and widespread damages. An estimated 222,570 people were reported killed and 310,928 injured. Over 1.5 million people are affected and presently displaced from their homes.