Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Trees at the epicenter of the earthquake-hit nation's reconstruction
14 June 2011, Port-au-Prince/Haiti - FAO Goodwill Ambassador and Olympic track legend Carl Lewis ended a two-day visit to Haiti today where he saw for himself reforestation efforts to help the country protect itself against flash floods and mudslides as hurricane season begins.
Lewis's visit was planned to mark the UN's celebration of the International Year of Forests and followed a similar trip to the neighboring Dominican Republic.
Trees at the epicenter
Prices have continued to show an upward trend since December 2010 and remained at very high levels in the subsequent months of 2011. Nominal local rice price may soon approach the level observed in 2008.
Food security situation is particularly worrisome for poor and very poor households in regions hit by weather shocks in 2010. An estimated 3 million people require food aid during the current lean season.
Global wheat production to increase in 2011
Cereal import bill in poor food-deficit countries rising due to higher international prices
23 March 2011, Rome - FAO's first forecast for world wheat production in 2011 stands at 676 million tonnes, representing a growth of 3.4 percent from 2010, the March 2011 edition of the Crop Prospects and Food Situation report said today.
11 January 2011, Rome/Port-au-Prince - One year later, the reverberations of Haiti's devastating earthquake continue to be felt in rural areas, further compounded by the ongoing cholera outbreak and the flooding and landslides triggered by Hurricane Tomas, which has hit the agriculture sector particularly hard.
Greater support to agriculture is crucial to meet the country's development objectives and help it prepare for future emergencies, according to FAO.
"Poor, vulnerable, agriculture-dependent communities suffer some of the most severe …
11 janvier 2011, Rome/Port-au-Prince - Un an après, les répercussions du séisme dévastateur de Haïti continuent à se faire sentir dans les zones rurales, exacerbées par l'épidémie de choléra et les inondations et glissements de terrain déclenchés par l'ouragan Tomas, qui s'est acharné particulièrement sur le secteur agricole.
Pour la FAO, il est essentiel d'intensifier le soutien à l'agriculture pour répondre aux objectifs de développement du pays et l'aider à se préparer aux situations d'urgence futures.
Rôle déterminant de l'agriculture
"Agriculture is the lifeblood of this country. FAO will continue to work with the government so that Haitians have jobs, income and food for themselves and their families."
FOOD PRODUCTION WILL HAVE TO INCREASE BY 70 PERCENT TO FEED A POPULATION OF NINE BILLION PEOPLE BY 2050. THAT MEANS A STAGGERING ADDITIONAL ONE BILLION TONNES OF CEREALS AND 200 MILLION TONNES OF MEAT WILL NEED TO BE PRODUCED ANNUALLY BY 2050. IN ORDER TO INTENSIFY PRODUCTION BY THAT MUCH ON OUR FINITE EARTH, IMMENSE EFFORT WILL HAVE TO GO INTO NEW, BETTER AND MORE INTENSIVE WAYS OF PRODUCING OUR FOOD. WE WILL HAVE TO REFLECT ON THE WISE WAY FORWARD AND SUPPORT WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
- Favourable weather conditions support the development of second season grains
- Food security continues to generally improve but monitoring remains necessary in parts of the country
- Prices of imported rice show a steep increase in the last months
- International wheat prices that had been increasing sharply since July fell in late September and the first week of October.
- Domestic prices of wheat have increased markedly in some importing countries, such as Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Mongolia and, in particular, in Afghanistan.
- In the Lao People's Democratic Republic prices of rice in August were above the peak of the food-prices crisis in 2008.
- In Western Africa, millet prices declined in early September in several markets, particularly in Niger and Chad, but still remain above their pre-crisis …
Lente reprise du secteur alimentaire en Haïti
Une mission d'évaluation FAO/PAM constate des signes de relèvement, mais la production vivrière demeure faible
22 septembre 2010, Rome - La production vivrière en Haïti se relève lentement, même si elle reste considérablement inférieure aux niveaux précédant le séisme de janvier 2010, selon le rapport de la mission conjointe d'évaluation FAO-PAM paru aujourd'hui.
La récolte de printemps 2010 en Haïti a vu la production de haricots reculer de 17 pour cent par rapport à 2009, et des baisses respectives de 8, 4 et 5 pour cent …
- Despite the late start of the 2010 spring rainy season, rainfall was generally favourable and a good foodcrop harvest is expected.
- Compared to the bumper 2009 spring season harvest, the Mission estimates a slight decline in the 2010 outturn of the maize, sorghum and plantain crops.
Markets are well supplied and prices of most staples are back to pre-earthquake levels.
The country is recovering from the January earthquake, however people still face a precarious situation which could deteriorate as the hurrican season approaches.
Different agencies are concerned over the food security situation of the country which is reported to be high and alarming over the long term.
The government is supporting agriculture while aid agencies are assisting people in the process of recovery.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
- Abundant and well distributed rains recorded in June/July 2010
- Despite late rains, above average crop forecast in the 2010 spring cropping season
- Price of major staples are back to pre-earthquake levels; maize prices remain higher than in December 2009
Following a late start, the spring rainy season was abundant and beneficial to crops in most of the country
The 2010 spring rainy season started in April/May about 4 to 6 weeks later than normal.
Rome/Port-au-Prince, 15 July 2010 - While timely food assistance and agricultural inputs helped avert a post-earthquake food crisis in Haiti, insufficient funding for agriculture continues to hamstring efforts to improve food security, local food production and provide income opportunities in rural areas six months after the devastating quake.
Rural areas neglected
"Most of the response has been focussing on the urban aspect of the crisis, but the international community must not neglect rural areas if they want to overcome the massive effects of the earthquake in the …
Les efforts de la FAO dans les zones rurales portent aussi sur la préparation aux ouragans
15 juillet 2010, Port-au-Prince/Rome - Si l'aide alimentaire d'urgence et les intrants agricoles ont permis de conjurer une crise alimentaire après la catastrophe qui a frappé Haïti, le manque de fonds pour l'agriculture continue à paralyser, six mois après le séisme dévastateur, les initiatives en faveur de la sécurité alimentaire, de la production vivrière locale et des opportunités d'emploi dans les zones rurales.
Zones rurales négligées
"Les interventions se sont …
- In recent months, local rice prices in Haiti major markets have tended to decline, however imported rice prices have declined more compared to pre earthquake and local prices.
- The country is facing a dramatic humanitarian crisis with millions of people in dire need of shelter, food and humanitarian assistance.
- Concerned agencies predict an alarming and very high hunger problem in a country where 3 million people are currently food insecure.
- Government policies focus on assisting the population and rebuilding the agricultural system.
Situación de la seguridad alimentaria en el país caribeño fue debatida en Conferencia Regional de la FAO.
Ciudad de Panamá, 29 de abril de 2010 - La FAO invertirá dos millones de dólares donados por el Gobierno de Brasil en la compra y distribución de semillas, fertilizantes, herramientas y otros insumos agrícolas para familias rurales, como parte de sus acciones de apoyo a Haití después del terremoto del 12 de enero.
"Este es un aporte importante para dar un impulso inmediato a la agricultura, y está acorde al plan del Gobierno de Haití para la reconstrucción del país.
THIRTY-FIRST REGIONAL CONFERENCE FOR LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN
Panama City, Panama, 26 to 30 April 2010
CONTEXT FOR RECONSTRUCTION
1. The 12 January 2010 earthquake in Haiti and subsequent aftershocks severely affected the Ouest Province around an epicentre 17km south-west of Haiti's capital, Port-au-Prince, which suffered extensive damage. The earthquake killed over 200 000 people, injured over 300 000 and left over 1.7 million people homeless.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
- Food security deteriorates in areas affected by January earthquake and official figures point at 3 million of malnourished people
- Since January, prices of locally produced rice continue to decline
Planting of the 2010 main cropping season is underway
The main cropping season has started in March with the onset of the first seasonal rains in northern and southern departments.