Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Estonia is supporting the activities of UNICEF is alleviating the situation of residents of Haiti, particularly woman and children, during the cholera epidemic. To this end the Foreign Ministry is allocating nearly 60 000 euros to support UNICEF.
Foreign Minister Urmas Paet stated that the complicated humanitarian situation in Haiti, which suffered an earthquake at the beginning of this year, has gotten even worse as a result of the vast cholera epidemic that began in October. "Over 2 100 people have already died due to the epidemic, and nearly 45 000 have been taken to hospitals.
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Today the European Union development ministers agreed on the co-ordinated activity of the European Union to help the victims of the Haiti earthquake over the next few weeks and months. The contribution of the European Commission and member states thus far totals 122 million euros. Estonia's contribution so far is close to 4 million kroons (255 645 EUR).
Foreign Minister Urmas Paet stated that Estonia's contribution to help the victims of the Haiti earthquake totals 3.9 million kroons.
The Foreign Ministry is donating an additional 1.5 million kroons through the International Red Cross to help the victims of the earthquake in Haiti. Currently Estonia's aid to Haiti totals 3.5 million kroons (223 690 EUR), of which 2.5 million is financial aid through the Red Cross and 1 million is to send experts to the crisis region to help.
Estonia is donating one million kroons through the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to help alleviate the effects of the earthquake in Haiti.
Estonia is prepared to donate about one million kroons to help alleviate the aftermath of the earthquake in Haiti. The Foreign Ministry is currently assessing co-operation with other state institutions to help victims of the earthquake and alleviate the aftermath.
"Our thoughts are with all the victims of the earthquake in Haiti and their families. Estonia, like the entire international community, is with the guidance of the UN charting out what is needed and what needs to be done first to help Haiti and its people," said Foreign Minister Paet.