Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Persons with disabilities often experience discrimination and exclusion, despite the adoption of an increasingly rights-based approach to humanitarian assistance. The past three decades have witnessed a growing awareness of disability issues and the emergence and spread of disabled people’s organisations.
The growing awareness must be accompanied by practical measures to identify and reduce the barriers faced by persons with disabilities in an emergency situation.
The first accessible, para-seismic, hurricane-proof school building in Haiti – the Pazapa Centre – was inaugurated on February 27, 2015 in Jacmel.
School premises in Pazapa
For many Haitians, the effects of the devastating 2010 earthquake still dictate their lives. From the beginning, CBM and local partners were involved in the response, but the strategy has always been long-term. For all programmes, CBM is working with the local organisations to build expertise and training of skilled workers in order to strengthen self-responsibility and independence.
Effects of earthquake are long-term
One year ago, on January 12th 2010, Haiti was struck by an earthquake. Both the immediate and the long-term effects were enormous.
Stouffville, ON, July 12, 2010 - Six months ago, a 7.0 earthquake in Haiti killed 230,000, injured 300,000 and left over a million people homeless. cbm Canada was able to respond during the initial critical period following the quake, thanks to local partner organizations on the ground.
"We are thankful for the many generous Canadians who have given hope to thousands of Haitians," says Ed Epp, Executive Director, cbm Canada.
Stouffville, ON, May 12, 2010 - On the water's edge of Port-au-Prince, an active boy forges his way through the narrow alley ways between tents, maneuvering over the rough terrain.
Just four months after having his right leg amputated, eight-year-old Sebastian has adapted well to living with crutches and prosthesis in the crowded tent city in Haiti.
"To see him move around the camp with his crutches, you would think he has had them his entire life," says Julie Hard, cbm Canada's physiotherapist in Haiti.
Kitchener, ON, April 9, 2010 - Shelley MacRae knows that saving lives in the wake of a major natural disaster is critical.
But the 32-year-old physiotherapist also believes that it is equally essential for survivors who have disabilities to have ongoing medical care that will give their lives meaning and purpose.
A CBM Emergency team is on the ground in Haiti and has spent the past two days with local Partner organisations giving urgent medical attention to those affected by last week's earthquake. Valérie Scherrer, CBM Emergency Coordinator, and Dr. Martin Ruppenthal, Regional Director for CBM in Latin America and the Caribbean, will continue to work with Partner organisations on the ground to coordinate emergency relief.