Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Béatrice Boyer, assistée d'Estelle Collinet Sous la direction de François Grünewald
Villes et crises : la résilience au croisement des vulnérabilités et des potentialités
Jean-Bernard Véron1 et Olivier Ray2
Syria, Iraq, Ebola, Gaza, Mali – there has been a huge increase in the number of tragic crises in recent months… The humanitarian sector is under enormous pressure. This litany of tragedies is further cause for us to focus on the quality of assistance and protection operations for civilians. It also raises questions about the capacity and role of a sector which remains vital, but is increasingly in danger.
The earthquake that struck Port-au-Prince, Haiti, on 12 January 2010 led to the loss of more than 220,000 lives, over 310,000 injuries and extensive damage to buildings and infrastructure. Taking the British Red Cross recovery programme as a case study, this report presents a series of lessons on good practice in urban livelihoods recovery. The report, developed in partnership with Groupe URD, is a shortened version of an internal study of assessment, decision-making and management within the livelihoods component of the programme.
Suite au séisme du 12 janvier 2010, la Croix-Rouge britannique (CRB) a lancé à Port-au-Prince un programme de rétablissement intégré comprenant des activités dites de « moyens d’existence », d’abris et d’eau/assainissement/hygiène. Cet article se concentre sur les leçons apprises de la mise en œuvre de la composante « moyens d’existence ». Il est extrait d’une étude plus vaste réalisée sur ce même sujet, axée sur les questions relatives au diagnostic initial, à la prise de décision et à la gestion.
The study presented in this report is based on one month of field research in Port-au-Prince, from 19 August to 21 September 2012. It aims to define what the communitybased approach is in urban contexts. To do this, the research aims to clarify the notion of community in Haiti, and look at operational issues related to the community-based approach. The study therefore focuses on the different solidarity relations and community-based ties which exist in Haiti and makes a number of recommendations to improve the way this approach is applied in the field.
Les précédents numéros de la Lettre de l’Observatoire étaient fortement orientés vers les camps de déplacés et les questions relatives à la reconstruction. Si ces problématiques demeurent toujours aussi aiguës, ce numéro décentre provisoirement son attention sur d’autres sujets qui nous semblent devoir également attirer l’attention. Les trois articles ne sont pas forcément liés, si ce n’est par le fait que chacun d’entre eux s’enracine dans les enseignements consécutifs à la catastrophe du 12 janvier 2010.
Lettre n°3 Juillet 2012 Editorial
Based principally on three cases studies (Pakistan, Haiti, and the Horn of Africa), the objective of this comparative study is to draw on lessons learnt for better coordination of cash transfer programmes (CTP) in future emergencies.
This study has been commissioned by the CaLP and conducted by Groupe URD.
It comes to the following conclusions:
More than two years after the Haiti earthquake, Resacoop, the Collectif Haïti Rhône Alpes and Groupe URD co-organised a workshop on the topic: LRRD: the Case of Haiti. Over fifty professionals and volunteers gathered in Lyon on 27 April to discuss and reflect on this issue.
This study, commissioned by the CaLP, aims to review and document the coordination of cash transfer programmes (CTP) implemented from the emergency phase in Haiti. It is part of a wider review of CTP coordination in emergency situations which includes three case studies (Pakistan, Haiti and the Horn of Africa, all of which are drawn into a comparative study, which can also be found on the CaLP website).
“Resilience” – buzzword or useful concept?
On 12 January 2010 at 4.50 pm local time (the middle of the night in Europe), the Enriquillo-Plantain Garden fault awoke. The earth began to shake, thick white dust rose above Port-au-Prince while a terrifying noise echoed out. Complete silence followed only to be broken by the screaming and crying of hundreds of thousands of Haitians.
When the news reached us at Groupe URD we were in the process of sending the six country reports of the Cluster II evaluation. We had written the Haiti country report for this evaluation in late 2009.