Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Turkish Red Crescent, reached in Haiti at the very beginning of the 12th January EQ, is providing thousands of victims of the unprecedented earthquake occurred in the history of Haiti with shelter, food and NFIs as well as psychosocial support.
As of 15th January, the Turkish Red Crescent continues its presence on the ground with 5 humanitarian workers comprising two relief delegates, a psychologist and media staff in capital Port-au-Prince while a logistics delegate is working in Santiago for supplying necessary relief items from Dominic Republic.
In response to massive earthquake that struck Haiti and caused more than 100.000 people lost their life and left more than 2.5 million people homeless in Port-au-Prince and adjoining areas, the Turkish Red Crescent (TRC), in the wake of disaster, established its crisis management desk herein Disaster Operation Center (AFOM) to TRC to conduct and coordinate response activities in close coordination and cooperation within the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement as well as with relevant UN agencies and clusters deployed in Haiti.
The Turkish Red Crescent has set up a crisis desk at its Disaster Operation Center to coordinate disaster relief efforts in Haiti following the 7.0 magnitude earthquake that struck the country on Tuesday.
Immediately after receiving news of the quake, a crisis desk was established at the Turkish Red Crescent Disaster Operation Center.