Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
19 janvier 2010
Après le tremblement de terre dévastateur qui a frappé Haïti, les membres du Club de Paris expriment leur profonde compassion à l'égard du peuple haïtien. Ils rappellent qu'ils se sont engagés le 8 juillet 2009 à annuler la totalité de leurs créances sur Haïti, d'un montant de 214 millions de dollars à cette date, à la suite de l'atteinte par Haïti du Point d'achèvement de l'initiative PPTE. Les accords bilatéraux mettant en œuvre juridiquement cet engagement ont d'ores et déjà été conclus ou sont sur le point de l'être.
January 19, 2010
After the devastating earthquake that struck Haiti, Paris Club members want to express their deepest sympathy to the people of Haiti. They recall that on 8 July 2009, following Haiti's reaching its completion point under the HIPC initiative they committed to cancel all their claims on Haiti, which amounted at that time to USD 214 millions. Bilateral agreements to legally implement this commitment have either already been completed or are currently being finalized.