Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Most read reports
- Earthquakes to Floods: A Scoping Review of Health-related Disaster Research in Low- and Middle-income Countries
- IOM Contributions to Progressively Resolve Displacement Situations: Compendium of activities and good practice
- First-class surgery for all in Tabarre hospital
- IOM Completes First Road to Massive Displacement Settlement in Haiti
- Haiti Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017
GENEVA, NEW YORK, PARIS 23 June 2010 - A major inter-agency tool focusing on ensuring more than 75 million children and youth affected by conflict and disaster have access to quality and protective education, is launched globally today by the Inter-Agency Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE).
Sent to the Main INEE Listserv 21 January 2010
Dear INEE Members,
As you are all aware, the strongest earthquake in Haiti in more than 200 years, measuring 7.0 on the Richter scale, rocked the nation on 12 January at 4.53 p.m. (local time). The earthquake struck Ouest Province (population 2.2 million), with the epicentre some 17km south-west of Haiti's capital, Port-au-Prince. The nearby cities of Carrefour and Jacmel, as well as other areas to the west and south of Port-au-Prince, were (severly?) affected.