Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Three months after the earthquake, schools and businesses want their land back.
By Ken Ellingwood, Los Angeles Times
April 29, 2010
Reporting from Croix-des-Bouquets, Haiti
Displaced and homeless, the 10,000 earthquake victims crowding the school grounds of the Lycee Jean Jacques are feeling the sting of a new label: unwanted guests.
Administrators and students at the private high school are eager to resume classes after a pause of more than three months.
But they can't as long as the schoolyard, now churned to mud and strewn with trash, remains jammed with …
With many displaced people still living in tent camps, floodwaters could wash away what the temblor didn't destroy.
By Joe Mozingo
April 18, 2010
Reporting from Port-Au-Prince, Haiti
Every afternoon the clouds pile up on the high ridges above this collapsed city and the breeze descends with a telltale earthy smell.
A U.S. group provides hands-on training to 10 top government engineers, who will teach Haitian inspectors how to determine whether a property is safe to live in.
By Ken Ellingwood
March 9, 2010
Reporting from Port-Au-Prince, Haiti - Hector Marie Suze and her family have bunked on a bare lot with 22 other families since the Jan.