Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
While Presbyterian Disaster Assistance (PDA) continues to support our ecumenical partners through ACT Alliance in the ongoing provision of basic humanitarian assistance following the January 12 earthquake, PDA is also supporting the work of our mission partner Peasant Movement of Papay (MPP).
MPP recently sent a report on activities that indicates they have finished distribution of the emergency food and kitchen utensil kits and have begun the rehabilitation phase.
During the month of October, a cholera epidemic attacked the country.
See how your generous gifts have been at work in Haiti
The country of Haiti faced enormous challenges in 2010 - a massive earthquake, Hurricane Tomas, an outbreak of cholera, plus ongoing challenges that existed in the country before the January 12 earthquake.
Many people generously shared their financial blessings as a sign of their faithfulness, and in the hope that through their support, disaster-affected Haitian families would see hope from seemingly hopeless situations.
One year after the earthquake - while the media has focused on government inaction, the slow pace of …
Hurricane Tomas was merciful as it swept past Haiti. The country was spared a direct hit, but torrential rain has caused widespread flooding and a heightened risk of the spread of disease among the already pressed population.
"The water is knee-deep inside our houses, and we have nothing. What kind of life is this?" ask residents of Cité Soleil, one of the largest slum areas of the country's capital Port au Prince.
"Last night I slept with water right up to the edge of my mattress.
Presbyterian Disaster Assistance (PDA) has issued an emergency appeal for Haiti, where millions of people have been affected by a major earthquake that struck the country on Tuesday, January 12. The exact number of casualties is unknown at this time, nor is the full extent of the damage; however, reports indicate that tens of thousands - possibly hundreds of thousands - of people are feared dead and countless others have been left homeless.
The Haitian infrastructure was already in a fragile state.