Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
In January 2010, a devastating earthquake struck Haiti that displaced over one million people, many of whom were children. Relief International responded to the crisis immediately and saved many lives through its efforts. A short-term disaster, however, creates long term need. One of the first steps to long term recovery is rebuilding communities, which Relief International is facilitating through its Child Friendly Spaces program.
After a devastating earthquake struck Haiti in January 2010, Relief International immediately considered its impact on women and children. In the aftermath of the disaster, women -- especially mothers -- were in need of recovery so they could continue to provide food for their families.
Relief International's team of 17 emergency response and medical professionals are in Haiti now, responding to the deadly 7.0 magnitude earthquake. RI has set up an emergency clinic in Carrefour near the epicenter and is providing urgent primary care and surgery to survivors. RI is bringing in food rations and medicines for families in desperate need as local supplies are running out. You can immediately help families affected by this disaster. Help RI continue to provide immediate life saving services to women, children, and the elderly.
Relief International is dispatching Emergency Response teams to Haiti in response to yesterday's deadly 7.0 magnitude earthquake. Thousands of people are estimated dead, and tens of thousands have been injured. Public infrastructure, such as hospitals and government buildings, has collapsed as well as private housing. As a result standing hospitals are overwhelmed with victims, and thousands are left homeless. The victims of this disaster need your help today.