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15 Jan 2014 description

Report of a Workshop by the National Academy of Engineering and the United States Institute of Peace Roundtable on Technology, Science, and Peacebuilding

Published:January 14, 2014

By: Andrew Robertson and Steve Olson

11 Jan 2012 description

Summary

• Women are Haiti’s ‘poto mitan’ (centerposts), playing pivotal roles in matters of family, education, health, commerce and the economy, and agriculture.

• Gender-based violence has been and continues to be a very real threat to the security and well-being of Haitian women and their families.

• Deficient access to education and healthcare, and misguided agricultural policies, have exacerbated women’s burdens.

• Improved social, economic and political empowerment of women is vital to rebuilding Haiti.

19 Oct 2011 description

Special Report by Graciana del Castillo

Summary

The longest war and one of the largest relief efforts in U.S. history—in Afghanistan and Haiti, respectively—are testing the cost-effectiveness of U.S. foreign assistance in conflict-ravaged or disaster-torn countries. U.S.-led economic reconstruction in both countries is clearly off track and becoming increasingly costly and unpopular—both at home and in the respective countries.

23 Sep 2011 description

September 2011 | Special Report by Graciana del Castillo

Summary

The United States’ longest war, in Afghanistan, and one of the largest relief efforts in U.S. history, in Haiti, are testing U.S. leadership in the world, as well as its determination to deal with fiscal imbalances, the debt burden, and economic malaise at home.

21 Jul 2011 description

July 2011 | On the Issues by Robert Maguire July 19, 2011

Robert Maguire, chairman of the USIP Haiti Working Group and professor at the Elliott School of International Affairs at George Washington University, visited Haiti earlier this month to meet with government officials concerning Haiti’s current political impasse. He provides an update on the situation.

07 Mar 2011 description

March 2011 | Peace Brief by Jessica Henzelman, D. Roz Sewell, Jen Ziemke, and Patrick Meier

Summary

* Crisis mapping is a growing field that seeks to leverage mobile platforms, computational models, geospatial technologies, crowdsourced data, and visual analytics to power effective early warning for rapid response to complex humanitarian emergencies.

* The second International Conference on Crisis Mapping convened from October 1 to 3, 2010, to discuss lessons learned from past and present initiatives and strategies for moving the field forward.

07 Mar 2011 description

Summary

* Haiti's slow pace of recovery from the January 2010 earthquake is due to the magnitude of the calamity, pre-existing conditions, institutional weaknesses, resource limitations, a cholera epidemic and disputed elections.

* The pace of new cholera infections and deaths has begun to slow, although infections and death rates remain high in rural areas and risk of renewed high infection rates is significant.

* Following protracted controversy after presidential and parliamentary elections held in late November 2010, second round runoffs have been scheduled for March …

07 Jan 2011 description

Peace Brief by Brooke Stedman

Summary

In the wake of Haiti's disastrous earthquake, international organizations have begun to recognize gender-based violence as a significant area of concern, particularly within Port-au-Prince's internally displaced persons (IDP) camps. Other forms of gender-based violence include not only rape, but also sexual abuse.

Sexual violence is often underreported or not reported at all.

01 Oct 2010 description

Peace Brief by Louis-Alexandre Berg

Summary

Crime and violence are on the rise in Port-au-Prince due to prisoner escapes during the earthquake. Youth gangs and other armed groups are regaining strength in the most vulnerable neighborhoods and spreading to other areas of the city. In the tent camps around Port-au-Prince, displaced people-especially women-remain vulnerable to crime.

21 Sep 2010 description

September 2010 | Special Report by Jessica Heinzelman and Carol Waters

Summary

On January 12, 2010, a 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck Haiti. More than 230,000 people died, and some of Haiti's most populous areas suffered mass destruction. The international community responded immediately to launch extensive search and rescue missions and provide emergency assistance.

The traditional disaster-response system employed by relief actors in Haiti concentrated on enabling information-sharing among teams of responders from the international community.

28 Jul 2010 description

Summary

- Six months after the Haiti earthquake, the official statistics remain difficult to fully comprehend. Some 222,750 people were killed, and 300,000 injured. More than 1.3 million were displaced. Total damage was $7.8 billion. Losses from the quake were historic.

- The international response was comparable. Operation Unified Response was the largest U.S. disaster assistance operation in history. Forty-three countries sent emergency personnel, equipment, food and medical supplies.

23 Jul 2010 description

Rebuilding the Education Sector after the 2010 Earthquake

Special Report by Ketty Luzincourt and Jennifer Gulbrandson

Summary

The massive earthquake of January 2010 devastated almost every aspect of Haitian society, but it also presented an excellent opportunity to address the problems of the largely dysfunctional education sector.

Education has not only served to prevent, mitigate, and resolve conflict in Haiti, it has also functioned as an underlying cause of, contributor to, and trigger for violent conflict.

06 May 2010 description

Peace Brief by Robert Maguire and Casie Copeland

Summary

- At the March 31, 2010 International Donors' Conference on Haiti some $10 billion was pledged in support of the government of Haiti's "Action Plan for National Recovery and Development of Haiti," with $5.3 billion earmarked for the next two years.

- A Multi-Donor Trust Fund, managed by the World Bank, will oversee the allocation of international resources toward activities approved by a mixed Haitian/international Interim Haiti Recovery Commission (IHRC).

- U.S.

26 Apr 2010 description

Summary

- Concerns about the role of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in Haiti's development have been present for decades. However, these issues have gained increasing prominence following the January 12, 2010 earthquake that destroyed much of Port-au-Prince.

- Historically, funneling aid through NGOs has perpetuated a situation of limited government capacity and weak institutions.

22 Jan 2010 description

For Immediate Release, January 22, 2010