Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Report of a Workshop by the National Academy of Engineering and the United States Institute of Peace Roundtable on Technology, Science, and Peacebuilding
Published:January 14, 2014
By: Andrew Robertson and Steve Olson
• Women are Haiti’s ‘poto mitan’ (centerposts), playing pivotal roles in matters of family, education, health, commerce and the economy, and agriculture.
• Gender-based violence has been and continues to be a very real threat to the security and well-being of Haitian women and their families.
• Deficient access to education and healthcare, and misguided agricultural policies, have exacerbated women’s burdens.
• Improved social, economic and political empowerment of women is vital to rebuilding Haiti.
Special Report by Graciana del Castillo
The longest war and one of the largest relief efforts in U.S. history—in Afghanistan and Haiti, respectively—are testing the cost-effectiveness of U.S. foreign assistance in conflict-ravaged or disaster-torn countries. U.S.-led economic reconstruction in both countries is clearly off track and becoming increasingly costly and unpopular—both at home and in the respective countries.
September 2011 | Special Report by Graciana del Castillo
The United States’ longest war, in Afghanistan, and one of the largest relief efforts in U.S. history, in Haiti, are testing U.S. leadership in the world, as well as its determination to deal with fiscal imbalances, the debt burden, and economic malaise at home.
July 2011 | On the Issues by Robert Maguire July 19, 2011
Robert Maguire, chairman of the USIP Haiti Working Group and professor at the Elliott School of International Affairs at George Washington University, visited Haiti earlier this month to meet with government officials concerning Haiti’s current political impasse. He provides an update on the situation.
March 2011 | Peace Brief by Jessica Henzelman, D. Roz Sewell, Jen Ziemke, and Patrick Meier
* Crisis mapping is a growing field that seeks to leverage mobile platforms, computational models, geospatial technologies, crowdsourced data, and visual analytics to power effective early warning for rapid response to complex humanitarian emergencies.
* The second International Conference on Crisis Mapping convened from October 1 to 3, 2010, to discuss lessons learned from past and present initiatives and strategies for moving the field forward.
* Haiti's slow pace of recovery from the January 2010 earthquake is due to the magnitude of the calamity, pre-existing conditions, institutional weaknesses, resource limitations, a cholera epidemic and disputed elections.
* The pace of new cholera infections and deaths has begun to slow, although infections and death rates remain high in rural areas and risk of renewed high infection rates is significant.
* Following protracted controversy after presidential and parliamentary elections held in late November 2010, second round runoffs have been scheduled for March …
Peace Brief by Brooke Stedman
In the wake of Haiti's disastrous earthquake, international organizations have begun to recognize gender-based violence as a significant area of concern, particularly within Port-au-Prince's internally displaced persons (IDP) camps. Other forms of gender-based violence include not only rape, but also sexual abuse.
Sexual violence is often underreported or not reported at all.
Peace Brief by Louis-Alexandre Berg
Crime and violence are on the rise in Port-au-Prince due to prisoner escapes during the earthquake. Youth gangs and other armed groups are regaining strength in the most vulnerable neighborhoods and spreading to other areas of the city. In the tent camps around Port-au-Prince, displaced people-especially women-remain vulnerable to crime.
September 2010 | Special Report by Jessica Heinzelman and Carol Waters
On January 12, 2010, a 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck Haiti. More than 230,000 people died, and some of Haiti's most populous areas suffered mass destruction. The international community responded immediately to launch extensive search and rescue missions and provide emergency assistance.
The traditional disaster-response system employed by relief actors in Haiti concentrated on enabling information-sharing among teams of responders from the international community.
- Six months after the Haiti earthquake, the official statistics remain difficult to fully comprehend. Some 222,750 people were killed, and 300,000 injured. More than 1.3 million were displaced. Total damage was $7.8 billion. Losses from the quake were historic.
- The international response was comparable. Operation Unified Response was the largest U.S. disaster assistance operation in history. Forty-three countries sent emergency personnel, equipment, food and medical supplies.
Rebuilding the Education Sector after the 2010 Earthquake
Special Report by Ketty Luzincourt and Jennifer Gulbrandson
The massive earthquake of January 2010 devastated almost every aspect of Haitian society, but it also presented an excellent opportunity to address the problems of the largely dysfunctional education sector.
Education has not only served to prevent, mitigate, and resolve conflict in Haiti, it has also functioned as an underlying cause of, contributor to, and trigger for violent conflict.
Peace Brief by Robert Maguire and Casie Copeland
- At the March 31, 2010 International Donors' Conference on Haiti some $10 billion was pledged in support of the government of Haiti's "Action Plan for National Recovery and Development of Haiti," with $5.3 billion earmarked for the next two years.
- A Multi-Donor Trust Fund, managed by the World Bank, will oversee the allocation of international resources toward activities approved by a mixed Haitian/international Interim Haiti Recovery Commission (IHRC).
- Concerns about the role of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in Haiti's development have been present for decades. However, these issues have gained increasing prominence following the January 12, 2010 earthquake that destroyed much of Port-au-Prince.
- Historically, funneling aid through NGOs has perpetuated a situation of limited government capacity and weak institutions.
For Immediate Release, January 22, 2010