Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
On 12 January 2010, an earthquake hit Haiti, killing over 200,000 people. Many more were injured. Moïse, 4 years old, had to have his left leg amputated. Thanks to the support of Handicap International (HI), he received a prosthesis and underwent rehabilitation. Supported by the organisation for the last eight years, Moïse is now fighting fit.
On January 12, 2010, an earthquake devastated Haiti, killing more than 230,000 people and injuring more than 300,000. Handicap International deployed unprecedented resources to support the victims. Six years later, we continue to work with the Haitian people.
Handicap International, along with partners at the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), celebrated the graduation of 72 Haitians from its rehabilitation technician training course in Port-au-Prince on Aug. 27.
The diploma program was a first for the country, filling a critical gap that existed before the 2010 earthquake, when the country counted a scant 13 physical therapists, most of whom lived abroad. The program aims to strengthen local rehabilitation skills. It is a major achievement, and opens up new possibilities for the future.
Persons with disabilities often experience discrimination and exclusion, despite the adoption of an increasingly rights-based approach to humanitarian assistance. The past three decades have witnessed a growing awareness of disability issues and the emergence and spread of disabled people’s organisations.
The growing awareness must be accompanied by practical measures to identify and reduce the barriers faced by persons with disabilities in an emergency situation.
Patrick Senia has been leading Handicap International’s work in Haiti for the last three years. His team, specialised in development, took over to follow on from the emergency projects initiated by the association to respond to the earthquake which hit in January 2010. A few days before the 5thanniversary of the earthquake, he reviews the challenges that need to be met in one of the poorest countries in the world which struggles from one natural disaster to another.
James Medina, 25 ans, a été amputé suite au séisme du 12 janvier 2010 et a reçu une prothèse de Handicap International. Aujourd'hui étudiant en orthopédie grâce à l'association, ill explique pourquoi il suit une formation de technicien orthopédiste.
"Why did I lose my leg? Perhaps fate wanted me to give prostheses to other people.”
“There were 25 of us in the classroom,” says James Medina, remembering the moment the earth began to shake on January 12, 2010. As the university building collapsed around him, 19 of his classmates died, along with more than 1,000 other young people. “I spent the whole day under the rubble. I was protected by the bodies of five friends. I think about it every day."
London, 12th January 2013. Handicap International launched its biggest ever emergency operation in response to the earthquake that hit Haiti on 12th January 2010. Three years on, the organisation is still present in Haiti, where it is helping to build the capacity of the local population to respond to the country’s needs.
Lyon, le 10 janvier 2013 - Suite au séisme qui a frappé Haïti le 12 janvier 2010, Handicap International a déployé la plus importante mission d’urgence de son histoire. Trois ans plus tard, elle continue d’intervenir, pour renforcer la capacité des Haïtiens à relever de multiples défis.
2010-2011 - Deux ans d’intervention massive auprès des blessés et des plus vulnérables
Manise is a brave women. After her arm was amputated following the earthquake, she was fitted with a prosthesis by Handicap International. She is now able to care for her five year old daughter and can afford to send her to school thanks to the small business she has set up with support from Handicap International.
Suite au tremblement de terre qui a frappé Haïti le 12 janvier 2010, Handicap International a mis sur pied le plus important déploiement de son histoire. Trois ans plus tard, l'association intervient toujours dans le pays, pour développer avec des acteurs haïtiens des solutions de long terme aux difficultés que connaît le pays.
Une réponse d'urgence massive
Bedlais Bonhomme, 33, was a community liaison for Handicap International's Shelter project until December 2011, when he became assistant field director for Petit-Gôave.
WASHINGTON -- Two years ago, Haiti was hit by a devastating earthquake that claimed the lives of 220,000 people and affected more than 3 million1. Handicap International, present in the country since 2008, was able to respond to the disaster immediately, and the organization remains committed to ensuring that people with disabilities and other vulnerable individuals have access to the services they need.
Communiqué de presse
Lyon, le 9 janvier 2012. Il y a deux ans, Haïti était frappé par un séisme qui a coûté la vie à près de 220 000 personnes et en a affecté plus de trois millions. Présente dans le pays depuis 2009, Handicap International, s’est investie dans la réponse à la catastrophe avec un niveau d’engagement sans précédent dans l’histoire de l’association. 90 000 séances de soins de base ou de rééducation physique ont été prodiguées, 1500 personnes amputées ont été appareillées, plus de 5000 personnes ont été relogées…
Background: The disaster response environment in Haiti following the 2010 earthquake represented a complex healthcare challenge. This study was designed to identify challenges during the Haiti disaster response.
Methods: Qualitative and quantitative study of injured patients carried out six months after the January 2010 earthquake in Haiti to review the surgical inputs of foreign medical teams.
Residents in Petit-Goâve and Grand-Goâve and the Handicap International shelter project team in Haiti have been anticipating the completion of shelters since July 2010. Eighteen months of hard work later, more than 1,000 transitional shelters have been built!
To celebrate, Handicap International organized a ceremony for the shelter recipients and the Handicap International team that organized this project with them, as well as the surrounding communities and our partner organizations.
Situation actuelle : Le séisme qui a frappé Haïti le 12 janvier 2010, a coûte la vie à plusieurs centaines de millier de personnes et détruit une grande parti des infrastructures vitales d'un pays comptant déjà parmi les plus pauvres du monde ( L'indice de développement humain place le pays au 145e rang ; sur 169 ) Aujourd'hui encore, un grand nombre de personnes dépendent de l'aide humanitaire et plus de 50000 d'entre elles attendent toujours d'être relogées
Inclusion des personnes handicapées et des personnes les plus vulnérables
Les habitants de Petit-Goâve et Grand-Goâve et les équipes de Handicap International y pensent depuis juillet 2010. 18 mois de travail acharné et aujourd’hui ça y est, c’est fait : plus de 1 000 abris transitionnels ont été construits !
Pour fêter cela, une cérémonie a été organisée, mettant en avant la formidable solidarité de la population touchée et de l’équipe qui a mené ce projet avec elle, mais aussi au-delà, avec les communes et les organisations partenaires.