Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Haiti's cash-strapped government has been criticized for both the size and location of new housing units, built to resolve the lack of post-earthquake permanent housing there.
Read the full story on the Christian Science Monitor.
Post-earthquake construction in Haiti must address the dichotomy of American efficiency versus Haitian tradition.
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COOPCAB, a Haitian coffee co-op that now includes 5,000 members, markets its products internationally while investing money in local reforestation efforts.
Read the full report on the Christian Science Monitor
Haiti's 2010 earthquake sent some 1.5 million Haitians to live in tent cities. A new radio series follows a family living in a camp, educating listeners on everything from health to housing services.
Read the full story in the Christian Science Monitor.
frican nations pledged five months ago to do more to help each other when famine and disaster strike. But so far, they haven't come up with the promised cash.
By Mike Pflanz, Correspondent / February 1, 2012
Five months ago, in a grand auditorium and beneath a cinema-sized screen scrolling images of starving children, Africa’s leaders gathered to promise an end to a growing food crisis.
Read the story on the Christian Science Monitor
A 'buy local' program for aid groups working in Haiti could be an engine of economic growth.
One week after the devastating quake that struck Haiti in January 2010, journalist Mark Danner wrote a New York Times op-ed that warned the outpouring of international sympathy and support, although remarkable, would buoy unrealistic expectations about the prospects for rebuilding "a new Haiti."
Rental prices in Port-au-Prince are estimated at 5 to 10 times higher than before the Haiti earthquake, pricing out local civic organizations in favor of wealthier international NGOs.
By Bill Sasser, Correspondent / March 18, 2011
Despite jitters over the expected return today of exiled former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide less than 48 hours before a presidential election here, many Haitians face a more basic problem: a housing bubble that is pricing many locals out of their homes.
Real estate prices, particularly rents, have skyrocketed in …
Cori Wegener is trying to save Haiti's treasures in a kind of Doctors Without Borders effort to preserve its "soul."
By Gary G. Yerkey, / Correspondent / March 7, 2011
Cori Wegener, an associate curator at the Minneapolis Institute of Arts, talks of missions to rescue works of art and other "cultural property" in the wake of disasters as if they were warfare.
She speaks of SWAT teams and military missions and emergency situations. And she knows what she is talking about.
Melanie Megevand brings women and their husbands together to talk openly about sexual abuse, which helps to relieve tensions at home.
By Ezra Fieser, Correspondent / January 12, 2011
The women came first, gathering under a roofed plywood shack to learn basic skills that could help them get a job - to sew or speak English.
The meetings soon turned into a sort of group therapy, where they discussed the pressures of living in a squalid, crowded camp with 26,000 earthquake survivors.
But it wasn't until their husbands joined them that the daily …
On the first anniversary of the Haiti earthquake, global disaster relief is under the microscope. A $15-billion-a-year industry with 250,000 workers, the stakes are high - but from each tsunami, quake, hurricane, and drought, we learn what works and what doesn't.
For most of his adult life, Emmett Fitzgerald has hopped around the globe with not much more than a few suitcases of belongings and a big heart, landing in broken or violent or dysfunctional nations.
On the Haiti earthquake anniversary, reminders that many Haitians still go without access to basic services such as access to hospital care despite the influx of over $1 billion in aid.
By Alice Speri, Correspondent / January 11, 2011
For more than six weeks last fall, a brand new obstetrics hospital remained empty and closed, its Ikea furniture still wrapped in plastic, a reminder of how far Port-au-Prince had to go to recover from the Haiti earthquake.
With foreign governments and donors hesitant to send funds to President René Préval's administration, a Haiti election was necessary if the country wanted to tap into into billions of dollars in aid.
By Ezra Fieser, Correspondent / December 7, 2010
James Charles is unemployed, has no job prospects, and lives here in a tent camp. He is hardly the exception.
He and some 1.3 million others have lived in tents and slapdash shacks since the January earthquake destroyed their homes and businesses.
Hundreds of thousands of Haitians lack access to clean water in Port-au-Prince, a situation expected to worsen after tropical storm Tomas makes landfall on Friday.
By Isabeau Doucet, Contributor / November 4, 2010
Even without a hurricane, sanitation in Haiti's capital is poor, local water sources are contaminated, and the 4 kilometer road to the shantytown of Cite Soleil is knee deep with mud and raw sewage.
"It's always like this," says Lionel Elve, a university student while driving his moped along the road.
The speedy official response to Haiti's cholera outbreak has been hailed as a relative success story, but 10 months after the earthquake Haitians are frustrated with a lack of relief.
By Stephen Kurczy
Haiti's cholera outbreak is "stabilizing," with the United Nations and Haitian government thus far preventing the disease from spreading to the capital's sprawling tent camps of 1.3 million people.
A speedy official response in containing the outbreak is seen as a relative success.
Those displaced by the Haiti earthquake continue to live in overcrowded camps, well into a hurricane season that regularly brings heavy rains.
By Alice Speri, CorrespondentPort-au-Prince, Haiti
Almost eight months after a devastating earthquake killed up to 300,000 and left some 1.5 million Haitians homeless, recovery has been slow. Equipment to remove some of the 20 million cubic meters of rubble that for months have lined the capital's streets has finally arrived.
Pakistan floods have displaced 4 million people, but aid to the country has been at a trickle compared to other catastrophes, such as the Jan. 12 Haiti earthquake.
By Scott Baldauf, Staff writer, Sara Miller Llana, Staff writer / August 19, 2010
Johannesburg, South Africa; and Mexico City
By the third week of the Jan.
By Alice Speri, Contributor / July 2, 2010
Tens of thousands of Haitians risk becoming homeless for a second time, as weary landowners clear their properties of makeshift refugee camps in order to build new homes or sell their land on Haiti's booming real-estate market.
Of 1,241 refugee camps here, only 206 are officially recognized, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
Large pest control businesses like Terminix and Orkin are part of an international relief effort to improve sanitation in Haiti refugee camps and stop the spread of potentially dangerous pests.
By Kathie Klarreich, Correspondent / May 10, 2010
The swarm around the garbage can in the tent camp of Corail Cesselesse, north of Haiti's capital, was not the usual composition of flies or mosquitoes. "Six different kinds of flies," said Terminix's Robert Young.
Haiti relief efforts to relocate mostly homeless people away from flood-prone areas before the rainy season are in full swing, but confusion is hampering the process.
By Kathie Klarreich, Correspondent / April 20, 2010
As Haiti relief efforts focus on relocating citizens to higher, drier ground ahead of the rainy season, confusion about who's getting moved, where they're going, and how private land owners forced to leave will be compensated is running rampant.
Confusion varies from place to place, but in at least one area in the foothills above …
A new Haiti relief effort will see a camp set up 12 miles outside Port-au-Prince to provide shelter for some 5,000 quake refugees before the upcoming rainy season. The Corail Cesselesse camp is the first major housing effort since the Jan. 12 earthquake.