Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
By Susan Kim*
May 7, 2015—Haiti could soon have a new, strong set of grassroots women entrepreneurs, thanks to Prosperity Catalyst, a nonprofit with the mission of launching and fostering independent, women-led businesses in distressed countries.
UMCOR, the United Methodist Committee on Relief, is supporting Prosperity Catalyst through a grant that is helping assess exactly how small businesses can grow in Haiti. The assessment is focusing on candle-making enterprises that will create opportunities for vulnerable women to become empowered entrepreneurs.
By Laura Wise*
By Laura Wise*
This article is the first in a series of special coverage commemorating the 5-year anniversary of the earthquake in Haiti. Stay tuned for the full series.
Iowa, the Great Flood of 1993. North Carolina, Hurricane Floyd, 1999. New York City, September 11, 2001. In the aftermath of each of these disasters, Rev. Tom and Rev. Wendy Vencuss of the New York Annual Conference were there, helping communities to recovery and get back on their feet. Even this long and committed experience, though, would not prepare them for the events of January 12, 2010.
By Gareth Lewis*
May 16, 2013—Ensuring that homes are never as vulnerable as the 300,000 buildings destroyed or damaged by the 7.0 magnitude earthquake of January 12, 2010, is a vital part of the rebuilding process in Haiti. Through the CARMEN Project, UMCOR Haiti, in partnership with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the engineering firm Miyamoto International, has made a significant contribution toward achieving that goal.
By Mehu Josny*
The January 2010 earthquake in Haiti destroyed 1,500 schools and caused the near collapse of another 2,600. To contribute to the repair and reconstruction of these facilities, UMCOR’s field office in Haiti implemented its Repairing Schools—Facilitating Community Return project in the West Department, the area most affected by the disaster. The stories below describe the project’s impact on the children and staff in three of the 11 participating schools.
Ecole Mixte Pierre La Rousse
By Mehu Josny*
February 7, 2013—UMCOR has had a strong collaborative partnership with Muslim Aid in relief and development projects around the world. In 2011, the organizations came together in Haiti to support food security and hygienic meal preparation.
Since the January 2010 earthquake, it has become even more important to ensure the safe preparation of meals in order to prevent the spread of cholera. UMCOR and Muslim Aid sought to address this threat among one of the most vulnerable populations in Haiti: school children.
By David Tereshchuk *
January 7, 2013—Three years after January 2010’s historic and devastating earthquake, Haiti continues along its hard road of recovery.
Despite some recent international media accounts that have decried a painfully slow rate of rehabilitation, the creditable proportion of seventy-five percent out of 1.5 million of Haiti’s earthquake homeless have now been rehoused.
Development was inevitably thrown badly off-track by the quake, and it became a huge—and too often unspoken—casualty of the devastation.
By David Tereshchuk*
August 20, 2012―Haiti’s development suffered a crushing setback with the devastating January 2010 earthquake. But today, Haiti’s people are not only persisting in their recovery efforts following that disaster but building a better future in every way for their chronically disadvantaged country.
Among the many different directions in which everyday life is improving is a significant new effort to ensure that recovering communities handle money well and wisely.
By David Tereshchuk*
June 18, 2012—Haiti’s struggle to recover from 2010’s devastating earthquake continues 30 months later, and UMCOR is playing a full and deepening part.
HAITI: BUILDING HOMES
The United Methodist Committee on Relief (UMCOR) and Eglise Methodiste d’Hait (EMH) are working together to build 40 homes in two communities that were heavily affected by the 2010 Haitian earthquake. World Hands Alliance and Homes for Haitians are also partners in the project.
Each home has 40 square meters of interior space, a toilet, shower facility, kitchen facility, and water storage capacity. Twenty will be built in each of the communities of Mellier and Carrefour.
It’s almost hard to believe that two years have passed since the devastating earthquake in Haiti. With the Haitian people, UMCOR fought back tears of loss in those early days as we sought to grasp the enormity of the tragedy and build a comprehensive, integrated response.
INDIA: RELIEF FOR EARTHQUAKE SURVIVORS
With the onset of winter this month in the Himalayan region of India, thousands of families left homeless and traumatized by the September 18 earthquake there are becoming increasingly vulnerable.
The United Methodist Committee on Relief (UMCOR) is working with partner Church’s Auxiliary for Social Action (CASA-India), a member of ACT Alliance, to provide urgently needed relief supplies to 1,000 of those families in Sikkim state.
By Linda Unger
May 20, 2011—Heavy concrete that in homes and buildings in Haiti divided one storey from another was meant to protect the constructions and those who lived or labored in them from hurricanes and severe storms. During last year’s earthquake, however, those concrete floors and ceilings had a contrary effect.
By Linda Unger*
Stamford, Conn., April 12, 2011—During its semiannual board of directors meeting, the United Methodist Committee on Relief (UMCOR) today approved significant funding to confront emergencies in Japan, Haiti, and Pakistan, and also advanced the process of defining a new vision for the organization.
January 31, 2011-Last Wednesday was a "big day" for the field office of the United Methodist Committee on Relief (UMCOR) in Haiti-and an even bigger day for 700 Haitian children who now have the opportunity to continue their education.
In a ceremony widely attended by children, parents, United Nations and Haitian government officials, and representatives of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) working in Haiti, a transitional school built last year was inaugurated, and its administration passed to the Haitian Ministry of Education.
The construction of the primary …
Last year was one of challenges and tragedies for the people of Haiti, as well as for those throughout the world who lost loved ones, friends, and colleagues.
Some 418 students will have a new, safe place to learn and succeed thanks to a grant from the United Methodist Committee on Relief (UMCOR) that matched another from the Association des Amis d'Haiti (ASAH).
The grants will allow the reconstruction of two schools in the Methodist Church of Haiti education system, Bois Gency and Hyacinthe, which were damaged in the January 12, 2010, earthquake. The schools will be rebuilt according to hurricane- and earthquake-resistance standards.
by Linda Bloom*
October 26, 2010-To increase food production in the earthquake-impacted areas of Haiti, United Methodists are supporting a project that will encourage farmers in the practice of "passing on the gift."
The United Methodist Committee on Relief is teaming up with the Methodist Church of Haiti to implement the cooperative effort, similar to the model used by Heifer International.
*by Melissa Hinnen
October 25, 2010-"UMCOR is in Haiti on behalf of the United Methodist Church, but more importantly, we are there for the people of Haiti," said The Rev. Cynthia Fierro Harvey at the General Board of Global Ministries' board meeting in Stamford, CT on October 11.
By Linda Bloom*
The Rev. Tom Vencuss was in a good mood as he stood on the porch of the Methodist Guest House in Port-au-Prince the afternoon of Jan. 12.
He and his wife, the Rev. Wendy Vencuss, had just returned from a meeting of United Methodist mission partners and representatives of the Methodist Church of Haiti. "The general feeling was just so upbeat at four o'clock on that Tuesday," he recalled. "We were to sign a covenant agreement the next day...to pledge ourselves to work together."
Shortly afterward, a massive earthquake struck Haiti.