Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Information matters, especially for individuals affected by severe crises like the 2010 earthquake in Haiti. But critically, new research shows that listening to audiences may be just as important.
A new paper based on research done for Internews’ humanitarian information radio program launched in Haiti after the earthquake shows that information is a critical component of any humanitarian assistance or development program. Marcus Garcia, owner of the Haitian radio station Melody FM, made the point plain and simple: “Information is as important as food.”
News spreads quickly around the world in the immediate aftermath of a crisis. Details, videos, and testimonials circulate on the web and via media outlets within seconds of a natural disaster or the outbreak of violence.
But for people in the midst of the crisis, getting information is usually much harder. Power goes down. Mobile networks fail. Local journalists can be victims and even become targets themselves, unable to report out. And survivors are often left to rebuild their lives with no effective means to communicate with those providing aid.
Public healthth is a crucial priority on the global development aid agenda. Nations trying to manage new epidemics amid existing disease and malnutrition burdens face challenges to their own development, which, in turn, have an impact on global development.
Internews believes local media is an under-utilized tool in public health strategies. Establishing, supporting, and enhancing local information platforms can contribute significantly to health-seeking behavior and community mobilization around health issues.
New Technologies Helped in Novel Ways With Haiti Earthquake Relief
(January 11, 2011) Relief workers used innovative technologies in unprecedented ways to aid in the recovery of quake-ravaged Haiti, a new report has found.
Interactive maps and SMS (Short Message Service) texts helped guide search-and-rescue teams and find people in need of critical supplies, as the Caribbean nation became a real-world laboratory for new communication tools.
Though the innovations had varying levels of impact in Haiti, they showcased the potential for use in future crises, the report, "Media, …
Author: Anne Nelson and Ivan Sigal with Dean Zambrano
Author Organization: InterNews, Communications with Disaster Affected Communities, Knight Foundation
Author Organization URL: http://www.internews.org/
Publication Date: Jan 11, 2011
MIAMI, le 11 janvier 2011 : selon un nouveau compte-rendu, les secouristes ont utilisé des technologies innovantes de façons inédites pour secourir Haïti qui venait d'être ravagé par un tremblement de terre.
Des cartes interactives et des textos de SMS …
(January 3, 2010) Internews is creating an International Press Center in Port au Prince to support international journalists covering the one year anniversary of the earthquake that devastated Haiti on January 12, 2010.
Trusted Humanitarian Radio Programs Providing Key Information on Tidal Surges, High Winds and Warning of New Spread of Cholera
PORT AU PRINCE, HAITI-Hurricane Tomas, upgraded from a tropical storm and packing winds up to 80 miles an hour, passed near Western Haiti on Friday where the international media assistance organization Internews is helping local radio stations play a key role in providing life-saving information to Haitians already struggling to cope with a cholera epidemic.
In 2010, Internews Network commits to deepening the innovative use of new technologies in its future emergency and humanitarian media response programs, enabling disaster affected populations better access to humanitarian media information.
Six months ago, a day after the January 12 earthquake, Internews put together a team to assist local radio stations to continue broadcasting news and information, which was critical in the aftermath of the earthquake. A few days later, on January 21, the team began producing Enfòmasyon Nou Dwe Konnon (News You Can Use), a humanitarian radio program that provides vital information to Haitians affected by the earthquake. Since then, Internews has also been training local journalists in humanitarian reporting.
More than one month after the devastating 7.0 earthquake in Haiti, Internews continues to work on the ground with local Haitian media and humanitarian aid agencies to get critical information directly to the people who need it most.
With a team of local reporters, Internews produces a daily humanitarian news broadcast, Enfomasyon Nou Dwe Konnen (News You Can Use) currently airing on 25 local radio stations.
Since the devastating 7.0 earthquake in Haiti January 12, Internews has been working on the ground with local Haitian media and humanitarian aid agencies to get critical information directly to the people who need it most.
(January 22, 2010) Local radio stations in Haiti aired a Creole-language humanitarian information broadcast produced by Internews yesterday.
The program, Nouvelle-Utiles (News You Can Use) will be produced daily and distributed to local radio stations, which are eager to air it.
Thursday's program included stories refuting rumors that there was an imposed curfew in Port-au-Prince, and notice of water distribution locations, bank re-openings, and waste management services. Information from the Red Cross discouraged hasty and uncoordinated disposal of bodies, and dispelled rumors …
(January 16, 2010) The John S. and James L. Knight Foundation have generously funded $200,000 toward Internews Network's rapid media assessment and response to the humanitarian disaster in Haiti.
The Knight Foundation grant speaks directly to the long-held Internews tenet that information has the ability to save lives. "If the local news and information systems are working, aid will be deployed in effective ways. If they break down, aid will be wasted or stolen, so media matters as much as any issue.
With communications crippled in Haiti after Tuesday's devastating earthquake, Internews is responding to the urgent need for information during this humanitarian disaster.
Haitians need information about the situation: how to find food, shelter and water, how to connect to loved ones who survived, and eventually, how to rebuild.
A team from Internews that includes media specialists and radio technicians are deploying to assess the extent of damage to Haiti's media infrastructure, which provides crucial information to vulnerable populations.