Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Since the devastating earthquake that hit Port-au-Prince on 12 January, YMCA Haiti and its international partners have been responding to the urgent needs of affected communities and developing plans for long term rehabilitation.
YMCA Haiti has developed a one year plan to provide support to 14,400 young people and their families, to rebuild the Konbit Service Centre that was destroyed by the quake, and increase the capacity of YMCA staff and volunteers.
Specific activities include:
- Providing after-school education, arts and crafts, youth leadership and recreational activities …
Ten days after the terrible earthquake in Haiti, the humanitarian situation remains critical. With a whole country, including government and public services, deeply affected, the international community is responding as quickly and efficiently as possible to the most urgent needs of the survivors.
Today, the World Alliance of YMCAs together with the Latin American and Caribbean Alliance of YMCAs (LACA) is launching an international appeal to the YMCA movement in support of the Haiti earthquake victims.
The Haitian people are suffering a crisis of a magnitude that no one can comprehend.