Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
UNEP’s Disasters and Conflicts sub-programme comprises four operational pillars: post-crisis environmental assessment, post-crisis environmental recovery, disaster risk reduction and environmental cooperation for peacebuilding. While the Post-Conflict and Disaster Management Branch (PCDMB) is tasked with coordinating the theme across UNEP, the regional offices and several divisions play an instrumental role in programme implementation.
Renewed optimism following year of harsh environmental realities for Haiti
Port-au-Prince (Haiti), 21 April 2011 - The stark environmental challenges in Haiti during 2010 and opportunities for a more sustainable future are presented in a new publication from the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
Port-au-Prince/Nairobi, le 5 janvier 2011 - Un ambitieux programme de reconstruction intégrant le développement durable a été lancé hier, à Port-Salut.
Clean Energy, Tourism and Sustainable Agriculture Among Opportunities Under New Côte Sud Initiative
Port-au-Prince/Nairobi 5 January 2011 - An ambitious environmental recovery and sustainable development initiative for southwest Haiti was launched yesterday in Port-Salut by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and a consortium of partners including the Government of Haiti, the Government of Norway, Catholic Relief services, the Earth Institute at Columbia University and a host of local non-governmental organizations.
The Côte Sud Initiative (CSI), which will be implemented …
UNEP marks International Day for Disaster Reduction
Geneva, 13 October 2010 - Haiti, one of the poorest and most environmentally degraded countries in the western hemisphere, is one of the many examples in recent times of the crucial role played by ecosystems in reducing disaster risk. Prior to the earthquake in January 2010 which devastated the country, environmental degradation was already a critical challenge, as extensively degraded catchments made Haiti's rural and urban population vulnerable to floods, landslides and severe soil erosion.
UNEP Launches a New Online Resource Centre to Reduce the Environmental Impact of Relief work
Geneva, 19 August 2010 - Humanitarian action and relief efforts save lives and provide essential aid in the aftermath of natural disasters, conflicts and other crisis.
But despite this critical role, humanitarian actions can result in damage to the environment, which is not often prioritised as a life saving issue.
A new online resource centre developed by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) will help boost efforts to reduce the environmental impact of humanitarian relief and …
Port-au-Prince, 21 July 2010 - Over six months since the 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck Haiti, severe deforestation and the uncontrolled dumping of debris are among the complex environmental issues the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is helping to address.
As part of the UN relief and recovery effort, UNEP is focused on promoting a sustainable recovery for Haiti by minimising the environmental damage from reconstruction and ensuring there is adequate, long-term investment in natural resource management.
Prior to the 12 January earthquake, Haiti was already the poorest …
UNEP’s Disasters and Conflicts sub-programme is comprised of four operational pillars: post-crisis environmental assessment, post-crisis environmental recovery, disaster risk reduction and environmental cooperation for peacebuilding.
UNEP’s Medium Term Strategy (MTS) for 2010-2013 designates “Disasters and Conflicts” as one of the organization’s six priority areas of work. The 2010-2011 UNEP Programme of Work accordingly includes a dedicated Disasters and Conflicts sub-programme, which is comprised of four operational pillars: post-crisis environmental assessment, postcrisis environmental recovery, disaster risk reduction and environmental cooperation for peacebuilding.
World Environment Ministers Signal Resolve to Realize Sustainable Development
Accelerating a Green Economy to Cooperative Action to Protect Human Health and Combat Climate Change Gets Support at Bali Meeting
11th Special Session of the UN Environment Programme's Governing Council/Global Ministerial Environment Forum
Bali, 26 February 2010 - In the first landmark Declaration issued by ministers of the environment in a decade, governments pledged to step up the global response to the major environmental and sustainability challenges of this generation.
The wide-ranging Nusa …
Port-Au-Prince, 28 January 2010 - Two weeks after the 7.0 magnitude earthquake that struck Haiti on 12 January, a massive humanitarian operation is underway and aid is beginning to reach those who desperately need it in Port-au-Prince and the surrounding areas. The most urgent priorities remain water, health care, shelter and food.
Thanks to a team of senior experts on the ground, UNEP continues to provide technical assistance and support on environmental matters to the Humanitarian Country Team and to the local government, including through emergency environmental assessments of …
Port-Au-Prince, 28 janvier 2010 ?
Port-Au-Prince, 20 January 2010 - One week after the powerful earthquake that struck Haiti on 12 January, a major humanitarian operation is underway, with search and rescue teams working to find those still trapped in the rubble.
Port-Au-Prince, 20 Janvier 2010 - Une semaine après le grave tremblement de terre qui a frappé Haïti le 12 janvier, une importante action humanitaire est en cours et des équipes de recherche et de sauvetage cherchent à dégager les personnes encore prisonnières sous les décombres.
UPDATE: Port-Au-Prince, 14 January 2010 - Haiti continues to struggle with the tragic aftermath of the powerful earthquake that struck on Tuesday. Immediate priorities include search and rescue, medical services and supplies, clean water and sanitation, emergency shelter, food, logistics and telecommunications.
It is expected that a Flash Appeal, covering a period of six months, will be launched by the United Nations and international partners on Friday 15 January.
Staff Member Caught up in Tragedy Sends Eyewitness Account from Port au Prince
Port au Prince, 13 January 2010 - A UNEP staff member on mission in Haiti has sent a tragic eyewitness account through to colleagues in the wake of the country's worst and most devastating earthquake since 1770.
Andrew Morton, a programme manager working on a project aimed at restoring the forests, freshwaters and other ecosystems of the Caribbean island, said: "I am writing this from the main UN compound in Port au Prince. The quake was a direct hit on the city.
The present hazard identification has been carried out based on publicly available information. An attempt has been made to identify locations of facilities and objects as precisely as possible. However, the list is not exhaustive or conclusive; other hazards may be present in the area and some of the identified locations may be obsolete.
Following the devastating earthquake that struck Haiti on 12 January 2010, UNEP was mandated by UnderSecretary-General and UN Emergency Relief Coordinator John Holmes to coordinate the environmental response to the disaster. Thanks to a team of senior experts on the ground, UNEP is providing technical assistance and support on environmental matters to the Humanitarian Country Team and to the local government, including through emergency environmental assessments of affected sites and active participation in the humanitarian cluster system.