Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Yvette Lapaix et ses voisins de la commune de Carrefour ont dû reconstruire leur vie suite au tremblement de terre dévastateur qui a frappé Haïti en 2010. Ils se sont rassemblés au sein d'associations villageoises d'épargne et de crédit créées par CARE. Ces groupements participent à la relance économique du pays et créent une nouvelle cohésion sociale.
« Lorsque des gens qui ne se connaissent pas se rassemblent et travaillent ensemble dans un but commun, ils apprennent à se faire confiance. Ils deviennent une communauté », témoigne Yvette.
Le 12 janvier 2010, un séisme exceptionnel frappait Haïti, ôtant la vie à près de 230 000 personnes et dévastant un pays déjà très pauvre. Aujourd'hui, les efforts de reconstruction se poursuivent. Les ONG, telles que CARE, mènent également des programmes de plus long terme afin de lutter contre la pauvreté chronique et les catastrophes naturelles qui menacent les efforts mis en œuvre pour le développement de ce pays.
Les efforts de reconstruction se poursuivent
Après le séisme et durant une période de 5 ans, CARE a *:
PORT-AU-PRINCE (Jan. 12, 2015) — Five years after a deadly earthquake left an already impoverished nation in complete devastation, the rebuilding effort in Haiti has made significant progress, even as the disaster-prone country continues to face serious challenges. To help build back a more resilient Haiti, CARE continues to partner with local organizations, government agencies and individual Haitians to increase the nation’s emergency preparedness and strengthen the most vulnerable communities.
Yvette Lapaix and her neighbours in Port-au-Prince’s Carrefour district have built a great deal since the earthquake five years ago.
But what she’s most proud of isn’t bricks and mortar. It’s unity.
“When people come together who didn’t know each other before, and work together for a common goal, they learn to trust each other. They form a community,” says Yvette.
For people displaced by the quake, that community is the first step toward a new home.
On January 12, 2010, Haiti was struck by a magnitude 7.0 earthquake, devastating its capital, Port-au-Prince, and surrounding areas.
The quake affected more than two million Haitians, claimed over 200,000 lives, and left 300,000 injured. At the height of the crisis, more than 1.5 million newly homeless people were sheltering in some 1,500 spontaneous settlements. The earthquake indirectly affected the entire country, sending 570,000 people fleeing for the provinces and setting off shock waves through the economy.
There’s a sweeping vista from the hilltop neighborhood of Aztec, past the low, sprawling rooftops of the Carrefour district of Port-au-Prince, to the blue waters of the Caribbean. It’s this kind of long view that CARE takes, as we work side by side with Haitians still recovering from the devastation of the earthquake of January 2010.
Remembering the Tsunami: A Decade of Strengthening Humanitarian Response
Ten years ago, the global community faced what was one of the biggest tests of humanitarianism in recent history.
On Dec. 26, 2004, an earthquake rumbled off the coast of Indonesia, triggering a series of devastating tsunamis that struck 14 countries across the Indian Ocean. At least 228,000 people lost their lives and millions more were left homeless.
4 ans après le séisme, la reconstruction des zones affectées se poursuit mais les nombreux défis structurels ainsi que les régulières catastrophes naturelles qui frappent l'île compromettent son développement.
Les avancées de la reconstruction
Port-Au-Prince. January 10, 2013.
Three years after a deadly earthquake devastated Haiti, a web of political gridlock, donor apathy and chaotic property laws continues to stall rebuilding in one of the world’s poorest countries. But the humanitarian organization CARE is working to remove another, oft-overlooked barrier — lack of participation by women — as a way to strengthen recovery efforts and build a better foundation for the future.
Miton, Haiti --
Three years ago, a massive earthquake destroyed Mireille Henry’s home in Miton, Haiti, killing her mother and trapping her daughter under the rubble for five hours.
The mother of four lost everything she owned. Mireille didn’t even have a spoon to feed her children, she says, or a blanket to keep them warm. She relocated to a field with her family. On the luckiest days, they got to sleep under a tree.
3 ans après le séisme qui a dévasté Haiti, où en est l’aide internationale pour la reconstruction de l’île ? Malgré un ensemble de facteurs freinant le processus de reconstruction, l’ONG CARE a mis en place de nombreux programmes avec des résultats positifs.
Le jeudi 12 janvier 2010 à 16h53 heure locale, un tremblement de terre de magnitude 7 a frappé l’île d’Haiti.
Two years ago Haiti experienced the worst natural disaster in its history. Hospitals and schools collapsed, bridges fell and homes crumbled.
Op-ed signed by the Haiti NGO Coordination Committee, which includes ACTED, published on 11.01.2012 on Le Monde newspaper website.
Like so many places in Haiti, idyllic natural beauty and the harsh reality of deep poverty collide in Tiawa.
Perched atop a mountain in Léogâne, Tiawa affords an extraordinary view of the surrounding area. Unfortunately, much of that vista is scarred by destruction. Haiti’s devastating January 12, 2010 earthquake destroyed 80 to 90 percent of the buildings in Léogâne, according to official estimates. It was the area hardest hit by the quake.
CARE Helps with Long-Term Needs, Sounds Call for Greater Women‘s Role
Two years after a catastrophic earthquake brought death and destruction to communities in and around Haiti's capital — tearing apart families, infrastructure and the economy — the country still faces enormous obstacles on the road to recovery and rebuilding.
Using DEC funds our member agencies have provided assistance to over 1.8million earthquake survivors in Haiti.
Even 18 months after the January 12, 2010 earthquake reconstruction, rebuilding and repairs remain a huge task. It is far from being completed.
CARE has helped tens of thousands of families to repair damaged homes, and thousands whose homes were destroyed to to build new transitional shelters. But the scale of the disaster means that many people are still displaced.
Led by the Women’s Refugee Commission, an interagency group comprising CARE, the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) and Save the Children undertook a mission to Haiti in May 2010 to assess the progress the humanitarian community has made in the implementation of the Minimum Initial Services Package (MISP) in emergency response operations.The specific objectives of the assessment were: to identify and document available Reproductive Health (RH) services, gaps and good practices per the five components of the MISP; to identify key factors that support and hinder MISP …
A special report from Haiti
One year after the devastating earthquake in Haiti, staff involved in the CARE's emergency response reflect on the scale of the damage, the enormous reconstruction effort underway, and the courage and strength of the Haitian people as they rebuild their lives.
Il y a un an, un tremblement de terre sans précédent frappait Haïti de plein fouet.