Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
As reconstruction of the port at Port-au-Prince, the capital of Haiti, presses on after a devastating earthquake in 2010, UNCTAD's TrainForTrade programme is offering training to Haitian instructors so that they can in turn train up port officials.
Haiti’s Minister of Trade and Industry, Mr. Wilson Laleau, has underlined his country’s need for simplified administrative procedures and has submitted a formal request to UNCTAD Secretary-General Supachai Panitchpakdi for implementation of the UNCTAD eRegulations programme.
Coordinated response being developed to aid economic recovery in Haiti
Geneva, 13 October 2010 -- In Port-au-Prince, a 4-7 October interagency mission of the Chief Executives Board (CEB) Cluster on Trade and Productive Capacity held consultations with senior officials of the Haitian Office of the Prime Minister and the Ministries of Commerce and Industry, Economy and Finance, Agriculture, and Planning, as well as the Investment Facilitation Center, the Central Bank, and the Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
Haiti is already preparing plans for the …
UNCTAD specialists in debt management, e-regulations, and investment were among a team from international agencies visiting Haiti from 4-7 October to design medium- and long-term assistance as the country recovers from January=B4s devastating earthquake.
Experts with UNCTAD=B4s Debt Management and Financial Analysis Software (DMFAS) programme met in Port au Prince on 5 October with Jean V. Affricot of the Haitian Ministry of Finance and with Jean H. Joseph of the Bank of the Republic of Haiti.
A new approach is needed for Haiti's reconstruction and long-term economic development, UNCTAD argues in this policy brief. Such an approach must be based on increasing and improving State capacities and must respect the country's ownership of the process. Recovery must be a shared responsibility between Haiti and its development partners, but donor generosity is only one component of success.
Rebuilding the Haitian economy will require massive international investment, along with local ownership of the policy and reform agendas to ensure the revival of State capacities. Given the scale of destruction, and Haiti's precarious financial position even before the earthquake, international support for reconstruction must begin with a moratorium on debt servicing, followed quickly by its cancellation, UNCTAD argues in this policy brief. Without such action - and without development assistance in the form of grants, and not loans - a new debt crisis is all but assured.
Geneva, 26 January 2010 - UNCTAD stands ready to provide assistance to help rebuild the capacities of Haiti in the area of economic governance, the organization=B4s Secretary-General, Supachai Panitchpakdi, said today.
UNCTAD will join in UN-wide recovery plans for the earthquake-stricken country, bringing together the World Bank, IMF, European Commission, Inter-American Development Bank, UN regional commissions and many other actors, under the leadership of the Haitian Government.
UNCTAD, leading the UN=B4s Interagency Cluster on Trade and Productive …