Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
A large-scale reconstruction project is benefiting more than 33,000 Haitian families whose neighbourhoods were destroyed by the 2010 earthquake.
The earthquake – one of the biggest disasters to hit an urban area – killed over 220,000 people and left over one million people homeless.
In 2011, a project was launched to shut down six of the camps for internally displaced people and resettle those living there into 16 newly rehabilitated neighbourhoods, with funding from the Haiti Reconstruction Fund.
L'UNOPS publie un rapport sur la reconstruction d'Haïti
L’UNOPS a publié un nouveau rapport présentant en détail le soutien que l’organisation a apporté à des projets humanitaires et de développement en Haïti au cours de 2011.
Intitulé « Reconstruire Haïti », le rapport annuel de 2011 est disponible en français, en anglais et en espagnol. Il explique comment l’UNOPS a augmenté ses activités afin d’aider au relèvement rapide et à la reconstruction du pays à la suite du tremblement de terre de 2010.
Rebuilding Haiti: UNOPS releases report
UNOPS has released a new report detailing the support provided to aid and development projects in Haiti during 2011.
The Rebuilding Haiti: Annual Report 2011 is available in English, French and Spanish and explains how UNOPS has scaled up its operations to assist in the country’s early recovery and reconstruction, following the 2010 earthquake.
PORT-AU-PRINCE – Twelve health centres in Haiti now have safe and reliable power supplies, after solar energy systems were installed under a scheme to develop the country’s southwest region.
Health centres in the earthquake-affected country typically have little access to electricity, using generators for a few hours of power each day, and relying on candles and kerosene lamps at night.
The new energy systems reduce the risk of fires and provide permanent access to electricity, which is extremely important for patient care as well as the cold storage of vaccines.
PANAMA – Haiti’s President Martelly met with top UN officials at UNOPS offices in Panama City earlier this month to discuss his country’s ongoing development needs.
Regional representatives from 12 United Nations organizations met with the Haitian President and his Foreign Affairs Minister to discuss Haiti’s development priorities and harmonize recovery and reconstruction efforts following the 2010 earthquake.
The meeting was held in the headquarters for the UNOPS Latin American and Caribbean regional office.
PORT AU PRINCE - Thousands of Haitians have been trained in disaster preparedness and cholera prevention and hundreds of works carried out to reduce suffering in the capital’s camps and neighbourhoods.
Haiti has been exposed to a large variety of natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods and cyclones. There are currently more than half a million internally displaced persons (IDPs) and the numbers of vulnerable families is high.
On January 12, 2010 a devastating earthquake struck Haiti. More than 220,000 Haitians were killed and thousands more were injured; up to 1.6 million were displaced and settled in approximately 1,350 makeshift camps and some 500,000 fled the capital, Port-au-Prince.
In the past 12 months Haitians have strived to rebuild their homes, services and livelihoods.
En 2011, la priorité des programmes de développement de la communauté internationale en Haïti était toujours le relèvement à la suite du tremblement de terre de 2010. Les activités intensives de relèvement et de reconstruction se sont poursuivies, et bien qu’il reste encore beaucoup à faire, plusieurs importantes réalisations ont été couronnées de succès.
Local engineers working in Haiti have assessed 200,000 buildings for structural damage following the January earthquake, vastly exceeding targets according to the Ministry of Public Works, Transportation and Communication.
More than two hundred and eighty Haitian engineers have been trained to check the safety of Haiti's buildings.
The team reached the 200,000 mark on July 21, 2010 after just 91 days on the project.
PORT-AU-PRINCE - United Nations Mission communications centres in Haiti are keeping the UN and emergency services connected, as the Caribbean nation struggles to get back on its feet following January's devastating earthquake.
The 13 communications centres, run by UNOPS on behalf of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH), were set up in 2004 to manage the mission's radio system.
During the January 12 earthquake, Haiti's telecommunications system suffered severe damages, and collapsed towers and overloaded networks made telephone calls difficult.