Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
This week, we present a selection of cartoons that show issues currently shaping the international relations agenda. We begin with CartoonMovement.com’s cartoon strip on the aftermath of the 2010 Haiti earthquake.
A new Haitian government under Michel Martelly is unlikely to resolve the Caribbean country's myriad reconstruction and development challenges. What Haiti urgently needs now is better governance. Haitians and their international counterparts have to work together to create legitimate public authority for rebuilding a country that does not rest primarily on formal, rules-based institutions.
By Markus Schultze-Kraft for ISN Insights
Aimee Ansari, the Humanitarian Policy Advisor for Oxfam International, discusses the status of reconstruction efforts in Haiti a year after the 2010 earthquake. She examines the role of poverty and inequality in Haiti's development and why the Haitian people need to be included during the process of reconstruction and recovery to stabilize both Haiti's society and economy.
With aid to Haiti largely failing in the past and the daunting task of rebuilding the capital at present, many wonder whether international development plans will be lost in the rubble, Simon Roughneen writes for ISN Security Watch.
By Simon Roughneen in Port-au-Prince for ISN Security Watch
Much of Haiti's capital lies in ruins after the devastating 12 January earthquake. Up to 200,000 people are thought to have died, many now buried in mass graves outside the city.
Private security companies are eager to deploy to Port-au-Prince to provide humanitarian assistance, for a price, Jody Ray Bennett comments for ISN Security Watch.
By Jody Ray Bennett for ISN Security Watch
After what the UN has called the worst disaster with which it has ever been confronted, the massive earthquake that rocked Haiti on 12 January created a tremendous demand for humanitarian assistance that many US private military and security companies (PMSCs) are eager to supply.
Five days after …