Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Most read reports
- IOM Contributions to Progressively Resolve Displacement Situations: Compendium of activities and good practice
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- IOM Completes First Road to Massive Displacement Settlement in Haiti
- Haiti Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017
Led by the Women’s Refugee Commission, an interagency group comprising CARE, the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) and Save the Children undertook a mission to Haiti in May 2010 to assess the progress the humanitarian community has made in the implementation of the Minimum Initial Services Package (MISP) in emergency response operations.The specific objectives of the assessment were: to identify and document available Reproductive Health (RH) services, gaps and good practices per the five components of the MISP; to identify key factors that support and hinder MISP …
An Inter-agency MISP Assessment Conducted by CARE, International Planned Parenthood Federation, Save the Children and Women's Refugee Commission
May 17-21, 2010
At the time of the assessment, four months after the January 12 earthquake, an estimated 2 million individuals(1) remained displaced in settlement sites in earthquake-affected areas, including Port-au-Prince, Jacmel, Leogane, Petit Goave and Grand Goave.(2) The Government of Haiti and humanitarian organizations have scaled up their response and contingency planning, particularly for food, water, health and …
New York, Jan. 25 - The International Planned Parenthood Federation/Western Hemisphere Region (IPPF/WHR) and PROFAMIL, its Member Association in Haiti, are acting swiftly to help save lives by integrating family planning in emergency relief.