Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Most read reports
- Earthquakes to Floods: A Scoping Review of Health-related Disaster Research in Low- and Middle-income Countries
- IOM Contributions to Progressively Resolve Displacement Situations: Compendium of activities and good practice
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- IOM Completes First Road to Massive Displacement Settlement in Haiti
- Haiti Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017
Secretary General calls for broadband access for all inhabitants
Geneva, 2 July 2010 - An international effort led by ITU is underway to speed up reconstruction of Haiti's crucial telecommunications and ICT infrastructure destroyed in the earthquake of 12 January this year.
A high-level Round Table on the topic concluded yesterday in Needham's Point, Barbados, with strong commitment to work with ITU.
Saving lives in aftermath of natural disasters is clear objective
Geneva, 10 March 2010 - New ITU radiocommunication standards for satellite services have been approved to facilitate early warning, rapid response and relief operations in the event of natural disasters.
Recommendation ITU-R S.1001-2 provides information on the range of radio-frequencies that can be used by fixed-satellite service (FSS) systems for emergency and disaster relief operations.
Recommendation ITU-R M.1854 provides information on the range of radio-frequencies for mobile-satellite service (MSS) in order …
New ITU partnership to enable greater situation awareness, communication and coordination between emergency personnel during rescue and relief efforts
Geneva, 16 February 2010 - ITU and Collabria LLC have signed a Cooperation Agreement to provide a secure, interoperable software platform for emergency communications management and 'first responder' activities.
The new ITU-Collabria agreement will provide emergency personnel with a system that allows them to communicate and collaborate quickly across wired, wireless and private networks and the Internet, combining text, voice, …
New partnership will provide broadband and voice connectivity to help aid workers and local authorities get on with the daunting task of clearing and rebuilding
Geneva, 11 February 2010 - ITU has signed an important Cooperation Agreement with Singapore-based smartBridges Solutions, a leading provider of wireless broadband equipment, to provide WiMAX and WiFi systems to strengthen ITU's on-the-ground disaster response capabilities.
The agreement will initially see the delivery of 10 carrier-grade WiMAX base stations and 40 Customer Premises Equipment devices to Haiti, which will …
Geneva, 14 January 2010 - ITU joins the international effort to provide humanitarian assistance to Haiti, which was devastated by an earthquake on 12 January 2010.
Forty satellite terminals are being deployed immediately to re-establish basic communication links and a further 60 units with broadband facility are being dispatched along with experts to operate them.