Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Five years on from the earthquake that struck Haiti, we look back at the work that has helped heal the country.
The earthquake, which shook the Caribbean country five years ago today, measured 7.0 on the Richter scale. Its impact was immense. It destroyed everything from schools and hospitals, to government buildings and the presidential palace. Around 200,000 people were killed and 1.5 million people were left homeless.
Assessments soon after the earthquake found that it could take 10 years to rebuild and would cost at least USD $8 billion.
Three years after a catastrophic earthquake struck Haiti, Islamic Relief has marked the start of an initiative to clean up a busy market town.
The majority of Haitians displaced by the huge tremor are now living in Croix des Bouquets - which now has a population of almost 400,000. Every Monday, about 230,000 people flood into visit the town’s largest market – having a huge impact on the hygiene and sanitation of the town’s streets.
Islamic Relief is organizing a cleaning and sanitation system for Croix des Bouquets, an area where scores of thousands of Haitians settled after the 7.0 earthquake caused mass destruction in 2010.
In 2009, around 230,000 people lived in Croix des Bouquets, but today the majority of displaced Haitians now live in Croix des Bouquets, where population now stands at almost 400,000.
Islamic Relief is reconstructing and equipping five schools that were affected by the earthquake in Haiti three years ago. Four of the schools were completely destroyed and the fifth was severely damaged.
Once complete, the schools will provide education to around 15,000 pupils in and around Port-au-Prince. Three years since the earthquake, Haitians are still struggling with the reconstruction of infrastructure and the economy, with high unemployment rates and many people struggling to make ends meet.
Using DEC funds our member agencies have provided assistance to over 1.8million earthquake survivors in Haiti.
As the people of Haiti strive to rebuild their lives after the devastating earthquake last year, Islamic Relief is still on the ground working hard to rehabilitate a nation. Most recently, our vocational training programmes targeting young people struggling to find employment have proved a great success.
Individuals are being taught a range of relevant skills from tailoring to I.T. in a focussed effort to support them into work and radically reduce the level of unemployment in the country, which stood at a rate of 60% at the beginning of 2011.
This month, as the snow forces schools to close across the UK, Haitian children celebrate their return to the classroom.
Eleven months ago, it wasn't snow, but a devastating earthquake that forced every single school in the West Province of Haiti to close. Although schooling officially restarted three months later, education for thousands of children was frozen, as they waited for their damaged schools to be rebuilt.
Earlier this month, three primary schools in Tabbare and Delmas, Port-au-Prince, reopened their doors after Islamic Relief repaired the damaged buildings.
Islamic Relief has launched a =A31 million appeal in response to the devastating earthquake on Haiti.
Thousands of people are feared dead after a 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck the Caribbean country on Tuesday. The epicentre was close to the capital Port-au-Prince, which is largely made up of slums and poorly constructed houses, many of which were not able to withstand the force of such a large earthquake.
The scale of the disaster is not yet known as all communication lines are currently down.